兽类学报

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海南南湾猴岛景区内猕猴与游客接触行为的研究

张鹏 段永江 陈涛 张杰   

  1. 中山大学人类学系
  • 出版日期:2018-05-30 发布日期:2018-05-08
  • 通讯作者: 张鹏 E-mail:zhangp99@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31470456, 31772472);教育部长江学者研究奖励经费(2017);中组部万人计划青年拔尖人才研究经费(2015);广东省千百十工程人才培养基金(2013)项目的资助

Interactions between rhesus macaques and visitors at Hainan Nanwan Monkey Islet, China

ZHANG Peng, DUAN Yongjiang, CHEN Tao, ZHANG Jie#br#   

  1. Anthropology Department, Sun Yat-sen University
  • Online:2018-05-30 Published:2018-05-08

摘要: 在世界范围内,观赏和投喂野生猿猴是最常见的野生动物旅游形式之一。其中游客与动物的关系越来越成为动物学、人类学和社会学学者研究关注的热点。游客在娱乐的过程中,存在被猿猴威胁甚至咬伤等问题。对人猴接触行为的客观分析,是提高旅游服务管理和保障游客安全的必要措施。本研究记录了2012-2014年海南南湾猴岛景区内游客与猕猴的接触行为,并分析了景区医务室近两年的游客就诊记录,主要探讨:(1)哪些游客会参与人猴接触,及其游客的认识误区;(2)哪些猕猴会频繁参与人猴接触;(3)哪些原因会引发人猴接触行为。本文旨在了解景区内游客与猿猴的互动关系,探讨游客受伤原因及其解决办法,为完善野生动物旅游的健康发展提供基础资料。

关键词: 野生动物旅游, 灵长类, 猕猴, 人猴接触行为, 南湾猴岛景区

Abstract: The relationship between tourists and animals in ecotourism has become a research focus among zoologists, anthropologists and sociologists. Primate provisioning is commonly seen at ecotourism sites in China, while monkeys threatening or biting tourists is a rising problem. This study recorded interactions between tourists and macaques on the Nanwan Monkey Islet between 2012 and 2014, and analyzed clinic records on injured tourists. We discuss: (1) the characteristics of visitors who were involved in macaque-human interactions; (2) the characteristics of macaques that were involved in the interactions;(3) the factors which triggered the interactions. This paper aims to understand relationships between tourists and macaques, to find possible solutions to reduce injury risk of tourists, and to improve the management of wildlife tourism in the country.

Key words: Nawan Monkey Islet, Primates, Rhesus macaques, Tourist-monkey Interactions, Wildlife ecotourism