兽类学报

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圈养马麝的个性分类

孙太福 王静 黎勇 周密 孟秀祥   

  1. (1 中国人民大学环境学院,北京 100872)
    (2 山西农业大学动物科技学院,山西太谷 030801)
    (3 兰州逢春麝业科技有限公司,甘肃榆中 730116)
  • 出版日期:2019-01-30 发布日期:2019-01-18
  • 通讯作者: 孟秀祥 E-mail: meng2014@ruc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31672300);中国人民大学科学研究基金项目(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目)(15XNLQ02);中国人民大学2017年度‘中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导
    专项资金’项目

The classification of personality in captive alpine musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster sifanicus)

SUN Taifu, WANG Jing, LI Yong, ZHOU Mi, MENG Xiuxiang   

  1. (1 School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
    (2 College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, Shanxi, China)
    (3 Lanzhou Fengchun Musk Deer Technology Co. Ltd., Yuzhong 730116, Gansu, China)
  • Online:2019-01-30 Published:2019-01-18

摘要:

本研究在甘肃兴隆山国家级自然保护区马麝繁育场展开,分别于2012年7月和2013年8月,针对374只圈养马麝,采用基于量表的个性评价法进行评价调查。结果表明:可建立包含17个个性项目的圈养马麝个性量表,因子分析显示每个项目公因子方差和载荷均大于0.4,各因子累计贡献率为60.33%,表明此量表具有较好的结构效度。此外Cronbach's α系数为0.787,表明量表具有较高的内部一致性信度,量表设计合理;因子分析和聚类分析结果显示,可将圈养马麝划分为5大个性维度:侵略性、社会性、刻板性、温顺性、活跃性。研究发现,圈养马麝个性维度与野生个体的个性类型划分存在差异,主要是受圈养条件和人为干扰等影响。圈养马麝个性量表和5大个性维度的建立对指导马麝繁育管理具有重要实践价值,填补了马麝个性研究的空缺,并为进一步进行麝类动物个性研究奠定了基础。另外,此类个性层次研究方法具有较好区分度,可为其他动物个性的初期研究提供参考。

关键词: 圈养马麝, 个性, 个性评价法, 个性量表, 个性维度

Abstract:

This study was carried out at Xinglongshan Musk Deer Farm located in the Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Gansu province. In July 2012 and August 2013 respectively, focusing on 374 captive musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster sifanicus), we conducted a survey using the personality rating method. The results showed that a personality scale of captive musk deer with 17 items could be established. Factor analysis showed that the common factor variances and loads of each item were all greater than 0.4, and the cumulative contribution rate of each factor was 60.33%, indicating that this scale had good construct validity. Furthermore, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient is 0.787, indicating that the scale has a high internal consistency reliability and the scale design is reasonable. The results of factor analysis and cluster analysis show that the personalities of captive musk deer can be divided into 5 major dimensions: Aggressiveness, Sociability, Stereotypy, Docility, Activity. The study found that there is a difference in personality between the captive musk deer and wild individuals, mainly due to the influence of captive conditions and human interference. The establishment of the captive musk deer personality scale and five personality dimensions has important practical value in guiding the management of musk deer breeding, which has filled the vacancy of personality research on Alpine musk deer and laid the foundation for further study on the personality of musk deer. In addition, the system of such research methods has good applicability and can provide a reference for early-stage research of other animals' personality.

Key words: Captive alpine musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster sifanicus), Personality, Personality dimensions, Personality rating method, Personality scale