兽类学报

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利用红外相机对深圳野生兽类鸟类多样性的调查

李伟东1 胡凯津1 曾毅龙1 徐溶霜2 张鹏1   

  1. (1 中山大学社会学与人类学学院,广州510275)(2 中山大学地理规划学院,广州 510275 )
  • 出版日期:2019-09-30 发布日期:2019-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 张鹏 E-mail:Zhangp99@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(31470456, 31772472, 31711540021)项目;深圳市野生动植物保护管理处项目;广东省长隆动植物保护基金会的资助

Camera trap survey on the diversity of mammals and birds in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province

LI Weidong1, HU Kaijin1, ZENG Yilong1, XU Rongshuang2, ZHANG Peng1   

  1. (1 School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China)(2 School of Geography and Planning Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China)
  • Online:2019-09-30 Published:2019-11-27

摘要:

城市动物调查对监测生物多样性研究、城市生态建设具有十分重要的意义。深圳作为新兴崛起的大城市,动物多样性受城市化干扰的程度较传统大城市少,但近年来缺乏对该地区的生物资源进行全面调查。我们于2014年4月至2015年4月,在深圳市(陆域)郊区布设了57个红外相机监测点,对深圳市鸟类和兽类多样性进行了初步调查。在相机累积工作3780个捕获日中,获得动物有效照片607张,经鉴定,可辨识的兽类共3目6科8种;鸟类共计3目9科26种。其中褐翅鸦鹃被列为国家二级保护动物,列入《国家保护的有益的或者有重要经济、科学研究价值的陆生野生名录》的鸟兽共有24种。除鼠类外,相对丰富度较高的物种有灰背鸫、野猪、橙头地鸫、乌灰鸫等。经分析发现都市内野生动物的日活动节律与自然保护区的存在一定差异。本研究为在城市深入开展野生动物资源调查研究提供了一种新的思路和手段。

关键词: 红外相机, 动物多样性, 鸟类, 兽类, 深圳市

Abstract:

As a newly developed mega-city, the biodiversity of Shenzhen suffer the influence from urbanization in a shorter period than which of traditional mega-cities. However, there is a few comprehensive survey for the biological resources in this city. In order to discover the current situation of animals, we set up 57 camera traps in Shenzhen from April 27th, 2014 to April 5th, 2015. Based on the survey effort of 3780 camera-trap days and 607 independent valid photos, we found 8 species of mammals belonging to 3 orders and 6 families, and 26 species of birds belonging to 3 orders, 9 families, including a second-class state protected species Centropus sinensis, and 24 species listed in the National Protection of Beneficial or Important Economic and Scientific Research Value of Terrestrial Wildlife. Except for mice, there are also some species with high Relative Abundance Index like Turdus hortulorum, Sus scrofa, Zoothera citrina, Turdus cardis. And we found that the daily activity pattern of wild animals in metropolitan area is different to which in natural reserves. This study would provide a new ideal and a new method for further research and protection of animal resources of Shenzhen.

Key words: Infrared camera, Animals diversity, Birds, Mammals, Shenzhen