兽类学报

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浙江清凉峰国家级自然保护区千顷塘区域鸟兽资源的红外相机调查

郭瑞1 许丽娟1 王旭池1 刘伟1 范鹏来2 徐爱春2#br#   

  1. (1浙江清凉峰国家级自然保护区管理局, 杭州311321)
    (2中国计量大学生命科学学院, 杭州310018)
  • 出版日期:2020-04-01 发布日期:2020-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 徐爱春 E-mail:springlover@cjlu.edu.cn

Preliminary investigation on mammal and bird resources using infrared camera traps in Qianqingtang Area of Zhejiang Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve

GUO Rui 1, XU Lijuan 1, WANG Xuchi 1, LIU Wei 1, FAN Penglai 2, XU Aichun 2   

  1. (1 Administrative Bureau of Zhejiang Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve, Hangzhou 311300, China)
    (2 College of Life Sciences, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China)
  • Online:2020-04-01 Published:2020-04-09

摘要:

红外相机已经被广泛应用于野生动物多样性调查中,这为制定有效的保护管理策略提供直接的科学依据。2014年11月至2016年10月,共布设46~51个相机位点(网络),对浙江清凉峰国家级自然保护区千顷塘区域内的鸟兽资源进行连续监测。共获得鸟兽独立有效照片10149张,其中兽类占88%(8932张),鸟类占12%(1212张)。经鉴定,兽类14种,鸟类34种,其中包括2种国家I级重点保护野生动物(华南梅花鹿Cervus nippon kopschi和白颈长尾雉Syrmaticus ellioti)和5种国家II级重点保护野生动物(中华鬣羚Capricornis milneedwardsii、勺鸡Pucrasia macrolopha、白鹇Lophura nycthemera、凤头鹰Accipiter trivirgatus、领角鸮Otus lettia )。本次调查发现丘鹬(Scolopax rusticola)、橙头地鸫(Geokichla citrina)、虎斑地鸫(Zoothera aurea)、灰背鸫(Turdus hortulorum)、白腹鸫(Turdus pallidus)、红尾斑鸫(Turdus naumanni)及斑鸫(Turdus eunomus)为该区域新纪录鸟类。兽类中相对丰度指数最高的前3种动物分别是小麂(Muntiacus reevesi) (56.85)、华南梅花鹿(16.25)和野猪(Sus scrofa) (13.91),鸟类中相对丰度指数最高的3种动物是白鹇(6.49)、棕噪鹛Garrulax berthemyi (2.43)和勺鸡(1.54)。另外,鸟兽物种数在1051~1259m海拔段显著高于851~1050 m海拔段;阔叶林的物种数显著高于针叶林的物种数,然而阔叶林与针阔混交林的物种数无显著性差异。本研究结果表明,红外相机能够有效调查浙江清凉峰国家级自然保护区千顷塘区域的鸟兽多样性,该调查法对于监测大中型兽类和部分鸟类具有一定优越性,所采集数据对保护区实施针对性的保护措施具有重要指导意义。

关键词: 红外相机, 兽类, 鸟类, 相对丰度指数, 清凉峰

Abstract:

In infrared camera traps have been widely applied in biodiversity survey, which offer scientific advices for the making of conservation and management strategies. We carried out a survey on mammals and birds diversity in the Qianqingtang Area of Zhejiang’ Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve from November 2014 to October 2016. We set up 46-51 infrared camera trap sites based on square kilometer grid method, and collected 10149 independent photos of which 88% are mammals and 12% are of birds. From the data collected, we identified 14 mammal species which belong to 5 order and 10 families, and 34 bird speciesbelong to 7 orders and 14 families. Among them, are two class I species under the State Special Protection Status: Sika deer (Cervus nippon kopschi) and Elliot’s pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti); five class II species under State Special Protection Status-Chinese serow(Capricornis milneedwardsii), Koklass pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha), Silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera), Crested goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus) and Collared scops owl (Otus lettia). Furthermore, Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), Orange-headed thrush (Geokichla citrine), Scaly thrush (Zoothera aurea), Grey-backed thrush (Turdus hortulorum), Pale thrush (Turdus pallidus), Naumann’s thrush (Turdus naumanni) and Dusky thrush (Turdus eunomus) have been discovered within this reserve for the first time. According to the result of relative abundance index (RAI), Reeves's Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) (56.85), Sika deer (Cervus nippon kopschi) (16.25), and Wild boar (Sus scrofa) (13.91) ranked as the top three most abundant mammal species. Silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera)(6.49), Rusty laughingthrush (Garrulax berthemyi) (2.43), Koklass pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha) (1.54) ranked as top three most abundant bird species. Furthermore, t the number of mammal and bird species at elevation of 1051-1259m was higher than that of 851-1050m, and the number of species in broadleaf forest was higher than that of coniferous forest while there was no difference in number of species between broadleaf forest and coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest . In conclusion, infrared camera traps are an effective way to survey and monitor medium-to-large mammals and some birds species. The data we gathered
could be useful in making decisions on conservation measures for Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve.

Key words:  Infrared camera, Mammals, Birds, Relative abundance index, Qingliangfeng