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湖南壶瓶山国家级自然保护区哺乳动物多样性的时空格局

田书荣1,2 李赫文2 蒋博文3 陈怡铭2 李欣2 李迪强1   

  1. (1 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所, 北京 100091)
    (2 湖南省壶瓶山国家级自然保护区管理局, 常德 415300)
    (3 东北林业大学野生动物与自然保护地学院, 哈尔滨 150040)
  • 出版日期:2020-01-30 发布日期:2020-01-19
  • 通讯作者: 李迪强 E-mail: lidq@caf.ac.cn

Spatial and temporal pattern of mammal diversity in Hupingshan National Nature Reserve

TIAN Shurong, LI Hewen, JIANG Bowen, CHEN Yiming, LI Xin, LI Diqiang   

  1. (1 Institute of Forest Ecological Environment and Protection, China Forest Science Academy, Beijing 100091,China)
    (2 Hunan Hupengshan National Nature Reserve administration Bureau, Changde 415300,China)
    (3 College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040,China)
  • Online:2020-01-30 Published:2020-01-19

关键词: 哺乳动物, 生物多样性, 空间格局, 时间格局, 壶瓶山

Abstract:

The monitoring and research of biodiversity pattern in protected area is very important not only to understand the protected objects of protected area, its roles in protected area network and regional ecological security, but also to enhance the function of protected areas. The routine patrolling and monitoring data from 2016 to 2017 was used to assess mammal diversity of Hunan Hupingshan National Nature Reserve in this paper. Hupingshan Reserve set 25 investigating transects with average 7 km length at 8 monitoring stations. Each transect was investigated 3 times per month. During these two years, 25 mammal species were recorded in total, accounting for 26.31% mammal species of Hunan Province. We calculated the alpha diversity index of each monitoring station and beta diversity index of whole reserve, and compared the Hellinger distance of species composition among stations in different seasons. The results showed that there was significant difference among mammal diversity in different inter-areas and monitoring stations. The mammal diversity level in core zone and relatively well-protected areas was significantly higher than that in other areas. The species compositions were significant different seasonally among different monitoring stations. The abundance of ungulates was relatively high because of lacking large predators. It is necessary to improve the methods and efficiency of routine monitoring for Hupingshan Nature Reserve. The ungulate control predetermined plan should be based on the monitoring results in order to stabilize the structure and function of reserve ecosystem.

Key words: Mammals, Biodiversity, Spatial pattern, Temporal pattern, Hupingshan