兽类学报

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野生大熊猫行为谱及PAE编码系统

侯金 严淋露 黎亮 李玉杰 廖玉杉 张晋东   

  1. (西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室,西华师范大学生命科学学院珍稀动植物研究所,四川南充 637002)
  • 出版日期:2020-09-30 发布日期:2020-09-27
  • 通讯作者: 张晋东 E-mail: zhangjd224@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目(2019QZKK0402) ;国家自然科学基金面上项目(41571517;31572293);西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室开放基金(XNYB17-2);西华师范大学科研创新团队基金(CXTD2018-9);西华师范大学英才基金(YC358);西华师范大学博士启动基金(17E073;17E074);西华师范大学大学生校级创新创业项目(2018274;野生大熊猫化学通讯行为策略)

Behavior coding and ethogram of the free-ranging giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)

HOU Jin, YAN Linlu, LI Liang, LI Yujie, LIAO Yushan, ZHANG Jindong   

  1. (Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation, Institute of Rare Animals and Plants of School of Life Sciences, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan 637002, China)
  • Online:2020-09-30 Published:2020-09-27

摘要:

行为谱是动物行为学研究的基础。大熊猫(Ailuropoda melanoleuca)是生物多样性保护中的旗舰物种,其行为生态的研究备受关注,然而由于大熊猫数量稀少且警惕性强,很难在野外进行观察,有关其行为谱等基础行为研究结果主要是基于圈养大熊猫的观察研究。为了促进野生大熊猫行为学的深入研究,2015年1月—2016年6月,2018年8月— 2019年4月我们在卧龙自然保护区基于红外相机图片和视频数据,利用PAE编码系统建立了野生大熊猫行为谱和PAE编码系统。研究共计在14种环境背景中记录到大熊猫12种姿势、52种动作、56种行为。一方面,本研究结果基本涵盖了大熊猫的主要行为,并发现了一些未在圈养大熊猫行为谱中记录到的行为,如野生大熊猫利用植物的茎进行自我除雪行为;另一方面丰富了观察大熊猫行为的环境因素。以上结果为深入研究野生大熊猫行为生态学提供了基础信息。
 

关键词: 大熊猫, 行为谱, PAE编码系统, 卧龙自然保护区

Abstract: Ethograms are the foundation of animal behavior studies. The giant panda is a flagship species for biodiversity protection, and its behavioral ecology is of widespread concern. However, due to their limited population size and avoidance of people, it is difficult to observe giant pandas in the wild. As a result, basic behavioral research, such as the specification of ethograms, has been mainly done by observing captive giant pandas. In order to promote further development of giant panda behavioral research, we constructed an ethogram of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) behavior using the PAE (Posture, Act and Environment) coding system based on infrared camera trap data collected in Wolong Nature Reserve during January 2015 to June 2016 and August 2018 to April 2019. In total, we identified and recorded 12 types of postures, 52 acts and 56 behaviors. This study not only recorded the major behaviors of giant pandas, but also discovered unrecorded behaviors of captive pandas in any past research, such as using plant stems to clear snow from the body. In general, our results enriched knowledge of the impact of environmental factors on giant panda behavior. This study provides basic information for behavioral ecology of giant pandas.

Key words: Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), Ethogram, PAE coding system, Wolong Nature Reserve