兽类学报

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红外相机技术在北京雾灵山自然保护区兽类资源调查中的应用

兰慧 金崑   

  1. 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所
  • 出版日期:2016-08-13 发布日期:2016-11-16
  • 通讯作者: 金崑 E-mail: jk9551@sina.com
  • 作者简介:兰慧(1988-),女,在读硕士,主要从事野生动物生态与管理方面研究工作。

Infra-red Camera Technology Application in the Investigation of Mammals in Beijing Wulingshan National Nature Reserve

LAN Hui, JIN Kun   

  1. Research Institute of Forest Ecology Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry
  • Online:2016-08-13 Published:2016-11-16

摘要: 为了调查北京市雾灵山自然保护区兽类资源情况,自2013年7月至2014年5月,在雾灵山32个位点处布放红外相机进行系统调查,累积相机工作日3630天,共拍摄到兽类有效照片494张,鉴定出10种动物,包括:狍(Capreolus capreolus)、斑羚(Nemorhaedus goral)、猪獾(Arctonyx collaris)、岩松鼠(Sciurotamias davidianus)、野猪(Sus scrofa)、狗獾(Meles meles)、豹猫(Felis bengalensis)、花鼠(Tamias sibiricus)、草兔(Lepus capensis)和黄鼬(Mustela sibirica),隶属于4目7科;从分布型来看,这10种兽类主要以古北型为主(占70%)。常拍种有狍、岩松鼠、斑羚和猪獾;较常拍种有野猪、狗獾、豹猫、花鼠、草兔;偶拍种有黄鼬。文中还对不同海拔和不同植被类型动物相对丰富度、累积拍摄物种数与相机工作日关系及兽类G-F指数等进行了探讨。

关键词: 红外相机, 北京市雾灵山, 相对丰富度, 兽类G-F指数

Abstract: From July, 2013 to May, 2014, infra-red cameras were set at 32 sites to monitor the mammals in Beijing Wulingshan National Nature Reserve. These cameras cumulatively worked 3630 days and a total of 494 available photos of mammals were obtained.. Ten species of animals belonging to 4 orders 7 families were identified, including roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), common goral (Nemorhaedus goral), hog badger (Arctonyx collaris), rock squirrel (Sciurotamias davidianus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), Eurasian badger (Meles meles), leopard cat (Felis bengalensis), Siberian chipmunk (Tamias sibiricus), cape hare (Lepus capensis) and Siberian weasel (Mustela sibirica). These mammals were mainly palaearctic species (70%) based on their distribution patterns. The most common species recorded by cameras included roe deer , rock squirrel, common goral and hog badger. Wild boar, Eurasian badger, leopard cat, Siberian chipmunk and cape hare were also frequently captured, while Siberian weasel was rarely recorded. The relative abundance of animal species at different altitudes and habitats, cumulative number of species recorded and camera working days were discussed, as well as the G-F index of mammals .

Key words: Beijing Wulingshan National Nature Reserve, G-F index, infrared-triggered camera, relative abundance