兽类学报

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深圳兽类物种资源调查及其影响因素分析

张礼标 郭强 刘奇 刘全生 胡凯津 苏欠欠 陈毅 彭兴文 王英永 吴毅 张鹏   

  1. 广东省生物资源应用研究所
  • 出版日期:2017-08-14 发布日期:2017-07-05
  • 通讯作者: 张鹏 E-mail: zhangp99@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Species resources and factors affecting mammals in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China

ZHANG Libiao, GUO Qiang, LIU Qi, LIU Quansheng, HU Kaijin, SU Qianqian, CHEN Yi, PENG Xingwen, WANG Yingyong, WU Yi, ZHANG Peng   

  1. Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Conservation and Resource Utilization, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wild Animal Conservation and Utilization, Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources
  • Online:2017-08-14 Published:2017-07-05
  • Contact: ZHANG Peng E-mail: zhangp99@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要: 2014年4月至2015年10月对深圳市不同区域的兽类进行实地调查,共调查到8目15科32属49种,其中翼手目4科12属24种占比达49.0%,啮齿目3科8属13种占比26.5%,食肉目3科5属5种占比10.2%,鼩形目1科3属3种占比6.1%,其他4个目各1种,分别占比2.0%;发现1种广东省兽类新纪录,8种深圳市兽类新纪录。按景观生态以及生境情况,将深圳市划分为11个区域,通过相关性分析发现,不同区域兽类物种丰富度与其人口密度呈负相关,与植被条件以及距市区距离呈显著正相关,但是与生境斑块面积没有显著相关性;多元回归分析表明,植被条件为最主要的影响因素,且植被条件、距市区距离、人口密度三者间具有相关性。与此同时,对所调查到兽类的栖息生活类型、区系特征、濒危现状等进行了分析。

关键词: 深圳, 兽类, 新纪录, 生境

Abstract: During the period April 2014 to October 2015, mammals in different regions of Shenzhen were surveyed using different methods. Overall, 49 species (8 orders, 15 families, 32 genera) were found, of which 24 species (49.0%, 4 families, 12 genera) were Chiroptera, 13 species (26.5%, 3 families, 8 genera) were Rodentia, 5 species (10.2%, 3 families, 5 genera) were Carnivora, 3 species (6.1%, 1 families, 3 genera) were Soricomorpha, other 4 species were belonged 4 orders, respectively. We found 1 new record for a mammal for Guangdong Province, and 8 new records for mammals for Shenzhen City. Based on the landscape ecology and habitats, Shenzhen City was divided into 11 regions. Using correlative analysis, the mammal species richness of different regions was significantly negatively correlated with the human density, but significantly positively correlated with the vegetative condition and the distance to urban areas, Species richness was not significantly correlated with the size of vegetative patches. Multiple regression analysis indicated that vegetative condition was the most important factor to mammal species, and there were significant correlations among vegetative condition, the distance to urban areas, and human density. Finally, we discussed the habitat preference types, fauna characteristics, and endangered status of each species.

Key words: Shenzhen, Mammals, New records, Vegetation