摘要： 安徽所产的短尾猴(Macaca thibetana)分布于皖南海拔较高的山林地带,以黄山及其附近的歙县、休宁、太平、黟县和祁门县数量最多。短尾猴的体型高大,四肢粗壮;背部毛呈黑褐色,长达120毫米;面颊毛长而浓密,成年雌猴脸呈肉红色,成年雄猴长有颊须。短尾猴不仅是观赏动物,而且是重要的实验动物。
Abstract: In Anhui province, the Stump-tailed rracaque (Macaco thibetana) lives on the higher mountain forest cgions of Huang Shan,at the altitude of 600-1500 metres.Their habitats aie evengreen defoliate mixed forests and defoliate broadleaved mixed forests.Social Stump-tailed macaque lives and roves in group.It appears vertical migration cccuring with seasonal changes. This macaque feeds chiefly on leaves, fruits, and seeds and also to a lesser extent en reptiles, chicks, and eggs. They are mature at the age about five years. Pregnancy period is about eight months. A baby-animal at one birth. 5 troops,144 individuals had been determined, sex ratio is♀:♂ =1:1.8 .The individuals within cne troop may be divided into four lanks. Several high-ranking adults males direct the activities of all individuals. This behavior belongs to the phenomenon of stress-leading of the dominant single-male and cooperated by more-males.The high-ranking males occupy almost all females.The high-ranking individuals may be produced and replaced. The social behavior Is formed along the long path of natural selection,and enable them well adapt to their environments.
熊成培. 短尾猴的生态研究[J]. .
XIONG Chengpei. ECOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE STUMP-TAILED MACAQUE[J]. .