叶智彰, 彭燕章, 刘瑞麟, 张耀平
YE Zhizhang, PENG Yanzhang, LIU Shuilin, ZHANG Yaoping
摘要： 动脉在体内的分支情况与机体各部分的结构和功能及其发育情况是相适应的,随着物种的分化,动脉的分支情况也产生了差异,并在一定程度上反映出动物在进化过程中所处的地位。所以,研究动脉的分支是推导动物演化趋向的根据之一。 关于灵长类动脉的研究,已涉及绝大多数种类,但在猴科中,尚未做过金丝猴动脉的研究。本文报导了金丝猴的动脉,并与有关种类的动脉分支情况作了比较。
Abstract: The article deals with an investigation on gross dissection of arterial system among Rhinopithecus roxellanae, R, bieti and R. brelichi. The results examined for the three species ( 6 specimens ) and the differences among them are as follows.1. Two branches arc given off from the arch of the aorta, viz. the common trunk and the left subclavian. the branches of Snub-nosed Monkeys belong to C type mentioned by Glidden and De Garis(1936).2. The external carotid bifurcate into anterior and posterior trunks. The bifurcation consist with basal branched type of the external carotids in primates, except Gibbon and man.3. In Rhinopithecus the two anterior cerebral arteries build Willis'circle unite to become an anterior cerebral common artery, resembling to those of New and Old World monkeys, but not like to those of apes and man.4. None of the costocervical and thyrocervical trunks take rise to subclavian artery in Rhinopithecus, suprema intercostal artery and inferior thyroid artery are also absent.5. The axillary artery and the branchial artery of Rhinopithecus give off 3-4 trunks separatively. The latter arises from the radial artery and the ulnar artery at a level of the elbow. In this case, it is resembling those of Presbytis,all apes and man.6. Arcus palmaris superficialis and profoundus, like anthropoid apes, are seen to occur in hands of Rhinopithecus, but there is only an arcus palmaris superf icialis in common monkeys.7. All of the intercostal arteries are arisen from the thoracic aorta.8. The inferior epigastric artery and the medial femoral circumflex artery of bieti and roxellanae are given off from the internal iliac artery,while those of brelichi arise from the external iliac artery.9. The external femoral circumflex and two perforating arteries originate from the profundus femoral artery in Rhinopithecus.10. In both roxellanae and brelichi the saphenous artery is continued f.s an dor- salis profundus pedal artery, while in bieti it is the continuation of the anterior tibial artery, as seen in man.11. The pedes of bieti possess both arcus plantaris superficialis and profundus, but those of roxellanae and brelichi only one arcus plantaris profundus.
叶智彰, 彭燕章, 刘瑞麟, 张耀平. 金丝猴(RHINOPITHECUS)的动脉[J]. .
YE Zhizhang, PENG Yanzhang, LIU Shuilin, ZHANG Yaoping. ARTERIAL SYSTEM OF RHINOPITHECUS[J]. .