兽类学报

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野外围栏条件下根田鼠肠道寄生物的感染率

聂绪恒 曹伊凡 堵守杨 何慧 边疆晖   

  1. 中国科学院西北高原生物研究所,中国科学院高原生物适应与进化重点实验室
  • 出版日期:2014-05-13 发布日期:2014-08-18
  • 通讯作者: 边疆晖 bjh@nwipb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(31170394)

Intestinal parasites prevalence in root voles (Microtus oeconomus) from field enclosures

NIE Xuheng, CAO Yifan, DU Shouyang, HE Hui, BIAN Jianghui   

  1. Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology,Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota,Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:2014-05-13 Published:2014-08-18
  • Contact: BIAN Jianghui: bjh@nwipb.ac.cn

摘要: 寄生物是调节小哺乳动物种群波动的因子之一。许多生物和非生物因子可影响寄生物的感染。本研究以根田鼠为对象,在野外围栏条件下测定了根田鼠肠道寄生物种类及其感染率,并分析了根田鼠建群者数量、性别、年龄及时间对寄生物感染率的影响。结果表明,根田鼠肠道寄生物有球虫、线虫和绦虫,球虫是主要寄生物, Eimeria wenrichi 为球虫中的优势种;其感染率随根田鼠建群者数量增加而增加,且随时间而显著变化。在根田鼠幼体中,高密度处理组E. wenrichi 的感染率显著高于低密度处理组,而根田鼠幼体的E. ochrogasteri 感染率显著高于成体。本研究未发现根田鼠性别间的球虫感染率差异。上述结果说明,在根田鼠种群中,球虫感染率有时间变化,且受宿主密度的制约,高密度种群引起的生前应激与当前密度制约性感染可能对球虫感染率具有耦合效应。

关键词: 根田鼠, 寄生物, 感染率, 种群波动, 影响因子

Abstract: Parasitism is one of the factors that can regulate fluctuations of small rodent populations. Many biotic and abiotic factors can affect parasite infections. In this study,we examined the types and prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in root voles (Microtus oeconomus)from field enclosures,and analyzed the effects of the number of founders,sex,age and time on parasite infections. The results showed that intestinal parasites of the root voles are coccidia,cestode and nematodes; and coccidia is the key intestinal parasite;Eimeria wenrichi is a dominant species among the coccidia. We found a positive association between E. wenrichi prevalence and the number of founders;E. wenrichi prevalence significantly increased with time. In addition,E. wenrichi prevalence in juveniles in high density enclosures was higher than that in low density enclosures. E. ochrogasteri prevalence was higher in juveniles than in adults. However,sex-related susceptibility was not found for coccidian species. These results indicate that coccidian infection varied with time and depended on the density of root vole populations. Prenatal stress due to high density and density-dependent effects on the coccidian infection may have a coupling effect on coccidian prevalence to the root vole populations.

Key words: Factors, Parasites, Population fluctuations, Prevalence;Root voles (Microtus oeconomus)