兽类学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 286-.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

犬蝠夜栖息地及夜栖息巢特征的初步研究

刘奇 沈琪琦 黄继展 陈毅 赵娇 邵永刚 孙云霄 简汉彪 李志锐 吴作谦 陈珉 张礼标   

  1. 华东师范大学生命科学学院
  • 出版日期:2014-08-15 发布日期:2014-11-26
  • 通讯作者: 陈珉 E-mail:mchen@bio.ecnu.cn 张礼标 E-mail:zhanglb@gdei.gd.cn
  • 基金资助:
    广州市珠江科技新星专项(2011J2200027),广东省昆虫研究所创新人才基金项目(GDEI-cxrc201303)

Night roost selection by Cynopterus sphinx (Chiroptera:Pteropodidae) and characteristics of the tent

LIU Qi,SHEN Qiqi,WONG Kaichin,CHEN Yi,ZHAO Jiao,SHAO Yonggang,SUN Yunxiao,KAN Honpio,LEI Chiioi,NG Chokhim,CHEN Min,ZHANG Libiao   

  1. School of Life Sciences,East China Normal University
  • Online:2014-08-15 Published:2014-11-26
  • Contact: CHEN Min E-mail:mchen@bio.ecnu.cn ZHANG Libiao E-mail:zhanglb@gdei.gd.cn

关键词: 犬蝠, 夜栖息地, 夜栖息巢, 选择策略, 澳门

Abstract: Roosts are extremely important for the survival of bats,including night roosts used by bats between commuting feeding bouts during the nights. We compared the characteristics of 17 night roosts of short-nosed fruit bat,Cynopterus sphinx in the forest of Hesha Reservoir with those of 128 diurnal roosts distributed in urban district,Macao,China. The results indicate that significant differences arise in some parameters between night and diurnal roosts. The trees of diurnal roosts were higher than those of night roosts. Diurnal roost sites have higher intensity of human interference than night roost sites. We also compared the characteristics of night tents of C. sphinx with those of diurnal tents,the results indicated that the tent’s placement in the tree and the complexity under the tent of the night tents were significantly higher than those of diurnal ones. The area of night roost tents was smaller than that of diurnal ones. Distance between tents to the tree trunk also was significantly different between night and diurnal roosts. We conclude that the differences in functions of these two roost sites contributes to the differences in roost selection strategies.

Key words: Cynopterus sphinx, Macao, Night roost site, Night tent, Selection