ACTA Theriologica Sinica

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The largest gray wolf (Canis lupus) home ranges in the world may exist in the Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China

DUAN Xiaonan, CHU Wenwen, WANG Yuan, DU Congcong, HE Lei, CHU Hongjun   

  1. College of life science and technology, Xinjiang University
  • Online:2016-11-13 Published:2016-11-16
  • Contact: CHU Hongjun E-mail:hongjunchu@vip.163.com

新疆卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区冬季狼的家域

端肖楠 初雯雯 王渊 杜聪聪 何雷 初红军   

  1. 新疆大学生命科学与技术学院
  • 通讯作者: 初红军 E-mail:hongjunchu@vip.163.com
  • 基金资助:
    新疆维吾尔自治区科技支撑计划项目(201233131);新疆卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区阿勒泰管理站中央财政森林生态效益补偿基金;科技部科技基础性工作专项重大项目(2013FY110300)

Abstract: Understanding wildlife movement and space use is essential for designing effective conservation management strategies. Many top predators, such as wolves (Canis lupus), are elusive and difficult to study. We captured and placed GPS collars on free-ranging male and female grey wolves Canis lupus in the Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve in January and November 2014. We recorded 513 active locations for the adult male and 870 locations for the adult female. Minimum Convex Polygon (MCP) estimated home range sizes of 1947km2 and 3728km2 for the male and female wolf, respectively. On a global scale these preliminary results suggest that wolves persisting in Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve may have the largest home range sizes of any wolf population in the world. Locally, it may demonstrate the need for large-scale management of this key protected landscape as both male and female wolves require vast areas to survive. Further research is urgently required to expand the sample size of collared wolves to increase confidence in home range estimates and to examine any ecological or human-induced effects on habitat selection for this important population of wolves.

Key words: Canis lupus, living capture, home range, GPS radio collars, Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve

关键词: 狼, 活捕, 家域, GPS项圈, 卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区