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Seasonal changes in habitat use of black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) in Zhejiang

ZHENG Xiang,BAO Yixin,GE Baoming,ZHENG Rongquan   

  • Online:2006-06-07 Published:2008-07-07


郑 祥,鲍毅新,葛宝明,郑荣泉   

  1. 浙江师范大学生态研究所,金华,

Abstract: We studied seasonal habitat use of black muntjacs in the Jiulong Mountain and Gutian Mountain Nature Reserves in Zhejiang Province,April 2002 - December 2003 based on indirect sign (e. g. ,tracks,feces). We assumed that abundance of sign functioned as a surrogate for intensity of use. During the 20-month sampling period,we quantified 11 ecological factors in 141 sample plots. Black muntjac vegetation use varied significantly with season. Variation in muntjac use of vegetation types were primarily related to seasonal changes of food resources and concealment conditions. During spring,
autumn and winter,muntjacs mostly used middle and lower portions of mountainsides,whereas they used upper portions of mountains during summer. Varying seasonal use of elevation most likely accounted for slope effects. We found no evidence
of seasonal variation in muntjac use of slope,aspect,rock exposure,distance from water or level of human disturbance.

Key words: Black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons), Habitat utilization, Seasonal change

关键词: 黑麂, 栖息地利用, 季节变化