AbstractJapan is facing the problems of monkey crop damage as serious as China and many other primate range countries. An introduction of Japanese studies on macaque crop damage and associated management techniques may improve the relative studies in China and reduce the human-wildlife conflicts. Therefore,the paper reviewes the history,social and ecological backgrounds, and current management technologies of monkey crop damage in Japan. The management technologies are summarized in two categories: emplacing physical barriers and emplacing psychological barriers. The applying conditions of these barriers are described. In order to polish the Chinese policy of wildlife management,the paper provided the management models from theoretical perspective and executive perspective respectively,and emphasized the coexistence of man and wildlife in China.