Abstract The bears are large animals and have become a hunting target for a long time in Heilongjiang Province because of the value of their furs, fat, gallbladders, palms and meat. There are two species in this province, namely the black bear (Selenarctos thibetanus ussuricus) and the brown (Ursus arctos lasiotus), which are sympatrjcally distributed over the Lesser Xinganling Mountains and the mountainous area of east Heilongjiang. But along the Great Xinganling Mountains only are found the brown ones. In winter, especially after the fall of snow, these two species of bears are in a state of hibernation, either inside tree holes or in burrows. The hunters mainly hunt winter sleeping bears or capture the young ones in spring. Because of the over hunting and the destruction of their habitats, the quantity of bears are coming down with each passing year.This article analyses the distribution and the changing tends of bear resources in the recent years in Heilongjiang Province, according to the information about purchases of bear skin from 1971 to 1982. Figures show that in the last ten years, the quantity of bears are becoming less. We can see this clearly from the diagram of fig.2. From the map of bear distribution (fig.l), we can also see that the bears in Heilongjiang province are mainly distributed in the area of Lesser Xinganling Mountains and the Zhan-gguangcailing Mountains.