ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 714-720.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150461

• SCIENTIFIC NOTES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A preliminary study of spatial distribution of Chinese goral carcasses in mid-Qinling Mountains

ZHU Qifeng1, ZHAO Qingxia1, JIN Xuelin1, SHI Dong2, WU Qiaoxing1, YANG Minghai3   

  1. 1 Shaanxi Institute of Zoology, Xi'an 710032, China;
    2 College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China;
    3 Beijing Zoo, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2020-08-01 Revised:2021-03-05 Online:2021-11-30 Published:2021-11-12


朱奇峰1, 赵青侠1, 金学林1, 师动2, 吴桥兴1, 杨明海3   

  1. 1 陕西省动物研究所, 西安 710032;
    2 西北大学城市与环境学院, 西安 710127;
    3 北京动物园, 北京 100044
  • 通讯作者: 金学林,
  • 作者简介:朱奇峰(1990-),男,研究实习员,主要从事动物生态学研究
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: In recent years, Chinese goral (Nemorhaedus griseus) carcasses were frequently found in the mid-Qinling Mountains. In order to assess the spatial distribution pattern of goral carcasses, data of the individuals from Shaanxi's Fourth Giant Panda Survey was used in this study to analyse how the gorals/goral carcasses sites were related to altitude, slope, aspect, river, and road through quantitative analyses. The results showed:(1) the correlation between the sites of goral carcasses and topographic factors was relatively significant. Goral carcasses tend to be found at relatively low altitude (1 200-2 400 m) and mild slope (6°-25°). The chi-square test also showed that the aspect of the goral carcasses sites was significantly different from the goral sites. Most of the goral carcasses were found at south-facing/half southfacing slopes. (2) The correlation between the sites of goral carcasses and the distance to river was significant. The kernel density analysis and Z-test further showed that there were significant differences between the gorals/goral carcasses sites and the distance to river. Most of the goral carcasses sites were close to river (< 100 m). (3) The correlation between the sites of goral carcasses and the distance to road was not significant. Kernel density analysis and Z-test showed that there was no significant difference between the sites of gorals/goral carcasses and the distance to road. This study proposed several suggestions about how to strengthen the protection of gorals in the future.

Key words: Qinling Mountains, Chinese goral (Nemorhaedus griseus) carcasses, Topographic factors, Distance, Distribution pattern

关键词: 秦岭, 死亡斑羚, 地形因素, 距离, 分布规律

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