兽类学报

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利用红外相机调查浙江省凤阳山兽类和鸟类多样性

李佳 刘芳 叶立新 刘胜龙 彭辉 李迪强   

  1. 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所
  • 出版日期:2018-01-30 发布日期:2018-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 李迪强 E-mail:lidq@caf.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    浙江省凤阳山-百山祖国家级自然保护区野生动物调查项目;自然保护区生物标本资源共享子平台项目(2005DKA21404)

Camera-trapping survey of the diversity of mammals and birds in Fengyang Mountain of Zhejiang Province, China

LI Jia, LIU Fang, YE Lixin, LIU Shenglong, PENG Hui, LI Diqiang   

  • Online:2018-01-30 Published:2018-04-09

摘要: 2008年11月至2009年11月,2010年8月至2016年8月期间,采用红外相机调查浙江凤阳山–百山祖国家级自然保护区内凤阳山片区的兽类和鸟类多样性。调查期内共布设98个不同相机位点(45个公里网格),累计28 256相机日,共拍摄到8 208张有效独立照片,鉴定为18种野生兽类和38种野生鸟类物种,分别隶属5目12科和7目16科;家畜及家禽共5种。红外相机拍摄率最高的前5种野生动物依次为小麂(Muntiacus reevesi)(拍摄率CR=11.15)、白鹇(Lophura nycthemera)(CR=2.63)、黑麂(M. crinifrons)(CR=1.03)、野猪(Sus scrofa)(CR=0.96)、猕猴(Macaca mulatta)(CR=0.59);国家I级重点保护野生动物2种,国家II级重点保护野生动物有6种;被中国脊椎动物红色名录评估为濒危(EN)、易危(VN)、近危(TN)的物种分别有2、4、9种。调查中记录到倭花鼠(Tamiops maritimus)、凤头鹰(Accipiter trivirgatus)和丘鹬(Scolopax rusticola)等15个物种为凤阳山保护区新记录种,其中斑尾鹃鸠(Macropygia unchall)为浙江省鸟类新记录物种。此外红外相机还拍摄到大量的人类活动照片,表明当地人类活动较为严重,应加强管理。调查结果提供了较为全面的凤阳山保护区兽类和鸟类的本底信息,为后续的保护管理和长期监测提供了数据支持和指导。

关键词: 野生动物监测, 物种名录, 拍摄率, 相机调查技术

Abstract: From November 2008 to November 2009 and August 2010 to August 2016, camera traps were installed to investigate the diversity of mammals and birds in Fengyang Mountain of Fengyang Mountain-Baishanzu National Nature Reserve, Zhejiang Province, China. In this study, with an intensive survey effort of 28 256 camera days at 98 locations (45 grids), we collected 8 208 independent photographs and identified 18 wild mammal species belonging to 12 families and 5 orders, 38 wild bird species belonging to 16 families and 7 orders, and 5 domestic animal species. The five most detected species were Muntiacus reevesi (CR=11.15), Lophura nycthemera (CR=2.63), M.crinifrons (CR=1.03), Sus scrofa (CR=0.96) and Macaca mulatta (CR=0.59). Among the detected species, 2 are listed as Class I state key protected wild animals in China and 6 as class II. Two species were evaluated as Endangered by the Red List of China’s Vertebrates, 4 as Vulnerable and 9 as Near Threatened. Fifteen species such as Tamiops maritimus, Arborophila gingica and Scolopax rusticola, were the first to be recorded in the Fengyang Mountain, and Macropygia unchall was the first recorded in Zhejiang Province. We also found evidence of intensive human activities in the reserve, which may have potential impacts on wildlife. Our results provided a comprehensive baseline of the wildlife resources in the Fengyang Mountain for biodiversity management and long-term monitoring of the reserve.

Key words: Wildlife monitoring, Species list, Capture rate, Camera-trapping