兽类学报

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利用红外相机技术调查云南布龙州级保护区野生动物

王巧燕 何有才 张明霞 宋军平 陶永祥 张忠员 岩章尖 杨鸿培   

  1. 云南西双版纳国家级自然保护区科学研究所
  • 出版日期:2018-09-30 发布日期:2018-08-31
  • 通讯作者: 杨鸿培 E-mail:bnyhp8519@163.com

Application of infrared cameras for wildlife surveys in the Bulong Nature Reserve, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Yunnan Province

WANG Qiaoyan, HE Youcai, ZHANG Mingxia, SONG  Junping, TAO Yongxiang, ZHANG Zhongyuan, YAN Zhangjian,YANG Hongpei   

  1. Research Institute of Xishuangbanna National Nature Reserve
  • Online:2018-09-30 Published:2018-08-31

摘要: 物种编目是自然保护区的生物多样性监测与研究的基础,为制定、实施保护计划及开展科学研究、环境教育等提供数据支持。2014年3月至2015年3月,按公里网格法,在布龙州级保护区内设置了137个位点,总监测日为10 675d,拍摄照片19 757张。获得独立有效照片数为984张,其中70.8 %为兽类,27.6%为鸟类,1.6%为人。经鉴定,可以识别兽类5目10科17种,鸟类4目9科14种,其中国家Ⅰ级和Ⅱ级保护物种各有3种和10种。被IUCN物种红色名录评估为濒危(EN)、易危(VU)、近危(NT)的物种分别有2、4、1种。本次调查兽类记录物种数较多的是食肉目和偶蹄目,分别为4和5种,相对丰富度指数以野猪和赤麂较高;鸟类记录物种数最多的是雉类(4种),白鹇和原鸡的相对丰富度指数较高。本次调查进一步完善了布龙州级自然保护区中大、中型兽类和地栖性鸟类的物种资源编目,为后续的科研、监测和保护管理提供了本底资源。

关键词: 布龙州级自然保护区, 兽类, 鸟类, 生物多样性编目, 红外相机

Abstract: Biodiversity inventorying is fundamental for the monitoring of wildlife in nature reserves, as well as for the formulation of conservation strategies, research, and environmental education. Bulong Nature Reserve is a new prefectural protected area established in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan in 2008. Using the kilometre-grid sampling method, from March 2014 to March 2015, we set up several infrared cameras in 137 locations in the Bulong Nature Reserve. During the monitoring period of 10675 days, 19757 shots were triggered with 984 valid photos (70.8% with mammals, 27.6% with birds, and 1.6% of human activities). We identified 17 mammal species belonging to 5 orders and 10 families and 14 bird species belonging to 4 orders and 9 families, including 3 species under Class I priority and 10 species under Class II priority of national protection. Amongst the identified species, 2 are classified as Endangered (EN), 4 as Vulnerable (VU), and one species as Near-Threatened (NT) by IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. In this survey, the most frequently recorded mammal species belonged to Carnivora (four species) and Artiodactyla (five species). Wild boars (Sus scrofa) and barking deers (Muntiacus muntjak) were found at the highest relative abundance .The most frequently recorded bird species belonged to the Galliformes (four species). The silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) and the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) had the highest relative abundance. This study provides the first record of large and mid-sized mammals and terrestrial birds for future    biodiversity research, monitoring, and management in the Bulong Nature Reserve.

Key words: Biodiversity Inventory, Bulong Nature Reserve, Mammals, Birds, Infrared Camera