兽类学报

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笼养川金丝猴理毛行为功能

张源笙 蒋志刚2,3 鲍伟1   

  1. (1 北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院,北京100083)
    (2 中国科学院动物研究所动物生态与保护生物学重点实验室,北京100101)
    (3 中国科学院大学,100049, 北京)
  • 出版日期:2019-05-30 发布日期:2019-05-10
  • 通讯作者: 蒋志刚 E-mail: jiangzg@ioz.ac.cn; 鲍伟东 E-mail:bao-weidong@126.com

The function analysis of allogrooming in captive Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellanae)

ZHANG Yuansheng, JIANG Zhigang, BAO Weidong   

  1. (1 College of Biological Science and Biotechnology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China)
    (2 Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
    (3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Online:2019-05-30 Published:2019-05-10

关键词: 笼养川金丝猴, 理毛行为, 理毛功能, 拣食颗粒物成分

Abstract: Grooming behavior is one of the social behaviors commonly found among primates. Such behavior is often associated with particle removal, with the groomers manually brushing away, or sometimes devouring, loose particles . However, the function of allogrooming and the associated particulate matter still remain controversial. In this study, we used all occurrence sampling to record autogrooming and allogrooming behaviors in captive Sichuan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellanae) in the Endangered Animal Breeding Center of the Beijing Wildlife Park from February to Match 2017. A total of 120 bouts of autogrooming and 259 bouts of allogrooming were recorded to test the hygienic functional hypothesis and the compensation hypothesis of allogrooming. The particulate matter on the hair and skin was checked for ectoparasite, flakes of skin or secretion of salt using microscopy. In addition, we manipulate salt and protein intake via offering the monkeys with drinking water of different concentrations of salts and fresh Populus leaves with high protein, in order to test the nutritional function of allogrooming and particle intake. Our results suggested that the grooming behaviors of the monkeys in general were consistent with the prediction of hygienic functional hypothesis, but in adult males, but not in adult females, were broadly in line with the prediction of compensation hypothesis. No association was noted between grooming and removal of parasites, and neither the functions of obtaining protein, or sodium chloride were confirmed. In conclusion, grooming behavior of captive Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys is more likely to be a semi-ritualized social behavior.

Key words: Captive Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys, grooming behavior, functions of grooming, picked and eaten particulate matter composition