Abstract：Nutritional requirements of captive non-human primates have increasingly become a topic of focus for international and Chinese communities. Introduction of nutritional studies on non-human primates to China,the biggest breeding and exporting country for non-human primates in the world,will help to improve the standard of raising the animals,the feeding efficiency of ingredients,and industry development. This article reviews recent research progress on the nutritional requirements of captive non-human primates and explains the recommended levels by both Chinese (GB 14924.8 - 2001) and US (NRC 2003)governments. It further introduces functions of each nutrient composition including the clinical and pathologic signs of deficiency and treatment for the deficiency. The purpose of this review paper is to enrich the relevant scientific information and to promote understanding of the nutritional needs of captive non-human primates.