兽类学报

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利用红外相机网络调查古田山自然保护区的兽类及雉类多样性

陈声文 余建平 陈小南 申小莉 李晟 马克平   

  1. 古田山国家级自然保护区管理局
  • 出版日期:2016-08-13 发布日期:2016-11-16
  • 通讯作者: 申小莉 E-mail: xlshen@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:陈声文(1966-),男,工程师,主要从事自然保护区生物多样性监测与保护管理

Camera-trapping survey on the diversity of mammal and pheasant species in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve, Zhejiang Province

CHEN Shengwen, YU Jianping, CHEN Xiaonan, SHEN Xiaoli, LI Sheng, MA Keping   

  1. Gutianshan National Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau
  • Online:2016-08-13 Published:2016-11-16

摘要: 2014年5月至2015年4月,采用红外相机技术系统地调查了浙江省古田山国家级自然保护区内大中型地栖兽类和鸟的多样性组成。调查共获得244个有效位点的数据,其中兽类和雉类的照片视频共67 086份,有效探测数16 129次,包括分属6目15科的野生兽类21种、野生雉类5种、家畜及家禽4种。记录到雉类以外的其它鸟类52种,分属6目15科。在野生兽类和雉类中,国家一级重点保护野生动物2种,分别为黑麂(Muntiacus crinifrons)、白颈长尾雉(Syrmaticus ellioti),国家二级重点保护野生动物7种,合计占物种总数的35%。IUCN物种红色名录评估为“易危VU”的物种2种,“近危NT”的物种5种,合计占物种总数的27%。中国生物多样性红色名录评估为“濒危”的动物1种,“易危”7种,“近危”5种,合计占物种总数的50%。独立探测数最高的兽类为小麂(Muntiacus reevesi),雉类为白鹇。调查显示古田山保护区内受威胁的野生兽类和雉类的比例较高。本次调查将红外相机均匀布设于整个保护区,持续时长一年,全面监测保护区内兽类和雉类的物种组成与相对多度,为古田山保护区后续的科研项目和科学管理提供了重要依据。

关键词: 古田山国家级自然保护区, 红外相机技术, 动物多样性

Abstract: We used infrared camera-trapping to systematically survey the large terrestrial animals in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve, from May 2014 to April 2015. A total of 244 locations were surveyed and 67,086 pictures and videos of mammal and pheasant species were taken, resulting in 16,129 independent detections. We identified 21 wild mammal species belonging to 6 orders and 16 families, 5 pheasant species, and 4 domestic animal species. Another 52 bird species other than pheasants were recorded, belonging to 6 orders and 15 families. We recorded two class-I national protected animals (Muntiacus crinifrons and Syrmaticus ellioti) and seven class-II national protected animals, accounting for 35 % of the total recorded species. There were two species listed by IUCN global red list as Vulnerable and five as Near Threatened, accounting for 27 % of the total recorded species. One species was listed as Endangered, seven as Vulnerable and five as Near Threatened by the Redlist of China’s Biodiversity, accounting for 50 % of the total recorded species. Muntiacus reevesi was the most common mammal species and Lophurany cthemera was the most common pheasant species. The results show that a relative high proportion of large mammal and pheasant species were threatened in Gutianshan reserve. The camera-trapping data collected throughout the reserve during a one-year period provided comprehensive information on species composition and their relative abundance of the large terrestrial animals in Gutianshan, which served as important baseline for subsequent research and management of the reserve.

Key words: Gutianshan National Nature Reserve, Camera-trapping technique, animal diversity