兽类学报

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利用红外相机技术对九连山国家级自然保护区兽类和鸟类资源的初步调查

袁景西 张昌友 谢文华 黄小群 肖治术   

  1. 江西九连山国家级自然保护区管理局
  • 出版日期:2016-08-13 发布日期:2016-11-16
  • 通讯作者: 肖治术 E-mail: xiaozs@ioz.ac.cn

Using camera traps to investigate mammal and bird diversity in the Jiulianshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi Province

Yuan Changxi, Zhang Changyou, Xie Wenhua, Huang Xiaoqun, Xiao Zhishu   

  1. Jiulianshan National Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau
  • Online:2016-08-13 Published:2016-11-16

摘要: 九连山国家级自然保护区是我国中亚热带与南亚热带常绿阔叶林的过渡地带,动植物种类丰富多样。为进一步掌握该保护区野生动物资源现状,我们于2014年11月至2015年7月在保护区布设了31个红外相机监测点,对大中型兽类和林下活动鸟类进行了初步摸底调查。相机累计工作4 692个捕获日,共获得有动物的独立有效照片3 341张,鉴定出鸟兽物种共10目16科33种(兽类12种,鸟类21种)。属于国家Ⅱ级重点保护动物有斑灵狸(Prionodon pardicolor)、白鹇(Lophura nycthemera)和灰脸鵟鹰(Butastur indicus)等。兽类以赤腹松鼠(Callosciurus erythraeus)、白腹鼠种类(Niviventer rats)、小泡巨鼠(Leopoldamys edwardsi)和倭松鼠(Tamiops maritimus)等物种的相对丰富度指数较高。相对丰富度指数较高的鸟类物种依次为白鹇、紫啸鸫(Myophonus caeruleus)和黑领噪鹛(Garrulax pectoralis)等。结合以往记录,灰头绿啄木鸟(Picus canus)、乌灰鸫(Turdus cardis)、绿翅金鸠(Chalcophaps indica)、白眉鸫(Turdus obscurus)和白冠燕尾(Enicurus leschenaulti)等为保护区的鸟类新记录种。本研究的调查结果为进一步在九连山自然保护区开展鸟兽资源的长期监测奠定了基础。

关键词: 红外相机技术, 兽类, 鸟类, 物种多样性, 九连山国家级自然保护区

Abstract: The Jiulianshan National Nature Reserve in Jiangxi Province is one transitional belt between middle and south subtropical evergreen forests in China. In order to further reveal the wildlife resources in this nature reserve, we established 31 trapping stations to investigate mammals and ground-dwelling birds using infrared cameras from November 2014 to July 2015. Based on a survey effort of 4,692 camera-trap days, we recorded 12 mammal species and 21 bird species with spotted linsang (Prionodon pardicolor), silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) and grey-faced buzzard (Butastur indicus) as Class II state key protected wild animals. Based on the relative abundance index, Pallas's squirrels (Callosciurus erythraeus), Niviventer rats, Edwards's long-tailed giant rats (Leopoldamys edwardsi) and maritime striped squirrels (Tamiops maritimus) were ranked as the four most abundant mammal species, while silver pheasant, violet whistling thrush (Myophonus caeruleus) and greater necklaced laughingthrush (Garrulax pectoralis) were ranked as the three most abundant bird species. Grey grey-faced woodpecker (Picus canus), Japanese thrush (Turdus cardis), eyebrowed thrush (Turdus obscurus), emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica) and white-crowned forktail (Enicurus leschenaulti) were new bird records in Jiulianshan. Our research updated the mammal and bird species list as a baseline for future long-term monitoring of these terrestrial vertebrates in the nature reserve.

Key words: Camera trapping, mammals, birds, species diversity, Jiulianshan National Nature Reserve