This study was carried out at Xinglongshan Musk Deer Farm located in the Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Gansu province. In July 2012 and August 2013 respectively, focusing on 374 captive musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster sifanicus), we conducted a survey using the personality rating method. The results showed that a personality scale of captive musk deer with 17 items could be established. Factor analysis showed that the common factor variances and loads of each item were all greater than 0.4, and the cumulative contribution rate of each factor was 60.33%, indicating that this scale had good construct validity. Furthermore, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient is 0.787, indicating that the scale has a high internal consistency reliability and the scale design is reasonable. The results of factor analysis and cluster analysis show that the personalities of captive musk deer can be divided into 5 major dimensions: Aggressiveness, Sociability, Stereotypy, Docility, Activity. The study found that there is a difference in personality between the captive musk deer and wild individuals, mainly due to the influence of captive conditions and human interference. The establishment of the captive musk deer personality scale and five personality dimensions has important practical value in guiding the management of musk deer breeding, which has filled the vacancy of personality research on Alpine musk deer and laid the foundation for further study on the personality of musk deer. In addition, the system of such research methods has good applicability and can provide a reference for early-stage research of other animals' personality.