Abstract From November 2008 to November 2009 and August 2010 to August 2016, camera traps were installed to investigate the diversity of mammals and birds in Fengyang Mountain of Fengyang Mountain-Baishanzu National Nature Reserve, Zhejiang Province, China. In this study, with an intensive survey effort of 28 256 camera days at 98 locations (45 grids), we collected 8 208 independent photographs and identified 18 wild mammal species belonging to 12 families and 5 orders, 38 wild bird species belonging to 16 families and 7 orders, and 5 domestic animal species. The five most detected species were Muntiacus reevesi (CR=11.15), Lophura nycthemera (CR=2.63), M.crinifrons (CR=1.03), Sus scrofa (CR=0.96) and Macaca mulatta (CR=0.59). Among the detected species, 2 are listed as Class I state key protected wild animals in China and 6 as class II. Two species were evaluated as Endangered by the Red List of China’s Vertebrates, 4 as Vulnerable and 9 as Near Threatened. Fifteen species such as Tamiops maritimus, Arborophila gingica and Scolopax rusticola, were the first to be recorded in the Fengyang Mountain, and Macropygia unchall was the first recorded in Zhejiang Province. We also found evidence of intensive human activities in the reserve, which may have potential impacts on wildlife. Our results provided a comprehensive baseline of the wildlife resources in the Fengyang Mountain for biodiversity management and long-term monitoring of the reserve.