In polygynandrous nonhuman primates, an adult male and an oestrous female often form a temporary sexual relationship. However, few studies have focused on how consortships affect polygynandrous males’ mating behavior and reproductive success. In this study, we collected data on male-female social interactions, consort partners, and consortship durations in a group (YA1) of free-ranging Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China using all occurrences and focal animal and behavioral sampling methods. We used our observations to discuss males’ characteristics and their relationships to consortships. During the study period, male ranks within the group changed. Both before and after the male rank change, we found a positive correlation between a male’s rank and his number of consort partners (before rank change P = 0.010, after rank change P = 0.032) and the duration of his consortships (before rank change P = 0.014; after rank change P = 0.035). We found no significant correlation between a male’s age and the number of his consortship partners (P = 0.150) or the duration of his consorts (P = 0.511), but the length of his tenure in the group was positively correlated to both his number of his consort partners (P = 0.034) and the duration of his consortships (P = 0.023). Both before and after the change of male rank, a male’s social interactions positively correlated to his number of consort partners (before rank change P = 0.013; after rank change P < 0.001) and with duration of his consortships (before rank change P = 0.001; after rank change P = 0.003). Our data indicate that male rank, length of tenure in the group, and social interactions with females all influence males’ consortship formations. Our study provides new scientific evidence for understanding male reproductive strategies and consortship behaviors.