ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (3): 270-279.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150713

• ORIGINAL PAPERS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Behavioral ethogram and posture‒act‒environment coding system of wild Leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) based on infrared camera technology

Ling LIU1, Aigang XIAO2, Tiejian ZHAO2, Xiaomei FENG2, Suxia SHEN3, Xianwang LU3, Hongwu GUAN3, Dapeng ZHAO1()   

  1. 1.College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2.Management Service Center of Tianjin Baxianshan National Nature Reserve, Tianjin 301909, China
    3.Management Service Center of Tianjin Panshan Scenic Spot, Tianjin 301901, China
  • Received:2022-07-05 Accepted:2023-01-04 Online:2023-05-31 Published:2023-05-18
  • Contact: Dapeng ZHAO


刘玲1, 肖爱刚2, 赵铁建2, 冯小梅2, 沈素侠3, 卢宪旺3, 关洪武3, 赵大鹏1()   

  1. 1.天津师范大学生命科学学院,天津 300387
    2.天津八仙山国家级自然保护区管理服务中心,天津 301909
    3.天津盘山风景名胜区管理服务中心,天津 301901
  • 通讯作者: 赵大鹏
  • 作者简介:刘玲 (1999- ),女,本科生,主要从事野生动物资源保护研究.
  • 基金资助:


From June 2017 to April 2021, the behavioral ethogram and posture?act?environment (PAE) coding system of wild Leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) were investigated based on infrared camera technology. The behavioral diversity of wild leopard cats across seasons and age groups was also statistically analyzed. In this study, we identified and recorded 8 types of postures, 39 acts, and 25 behaviors of wild leopard cats and established the behavioral ethogram and PAE coding system for this species. We also found that the total absolute diversity index Htotal and the total relative diversity index rtotal of Leopard cats were the highest in summer and the lowest in winter. There was a significant difference between the absolute diversity index H and relative diversity index r in autumn and winter (H: Z = -2.023, P = 0.043; r: Z = -2.023, P = 0.043). The total absolute diversity index Htotal and the total relative diversity index rtotal of adults were higher than cubs, and there were significant age-group differences in the relative diversity index r (Z = -2.018, P = 0.044). These findings provide a scientific basis for the comprehensive protection of natural populations of wild leopard cats.

Key words: Leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Ethogram, PAE coding system, Behavioral diversity


2017年6月至2021年4月,本研究基于红外相机技术开展野生豹猫 (Prionailurus bengalensis) 行为谱和PAE编码系统行为谱的研究,同时比较分析该物种行为多样性的季节差异和年龄组差异。本研究共分辨记录了野生豹猫的8种姿势、39种动作、25种行为,建立了野生豹猫行为谱及其PAE编码系统。本研究发现野生豹猫的总体绝对行为多样性指数H和总体相对多样性指数r均在夏季最高而冬季最低。秋、冬两季的绝对行为多样性指数H和相对多样性指数r呈显著性差异 (H: Z = -2.023, P = 0.043; r: Z = -2.023, P = 0.043);成体的总体绝对行为多样性指数H和总体相对多样性指数r均高于幼体,相对多样性指数r存在显著年龄组差异 (Z = -2.018, P = 0.044)。本研究结果将为今后野生豹猫的综合保护与管理提供科学参考依据。

关键词: 豹猫, 行为谱, PAE编码系统, 行为多样性

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