ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 1-11.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150118

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Behavior coding and ethogram of the sambar (Rusa unicolor) in field environment

ZHANG Jindong, LI Yujie, HUANG Jinyan, BAI Wenke, ZHOU Shiqiang,  LI Yinghong, ZHOU Caiquan   

  1. College of Life Sciences, China West Normal University
  • Online:2018-01-30 Published:2018-04-09
  • Contact: ZHANG Jindong E-mail:


张晋东 李玉杰 黄金燕 白文科 周世强 李应洪 周材权   

  1. 西华师范大学生命科学学院
  • 通讯作者: 张晋东 E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Establishing behavioral ethograms is the foundation of animal behavioral studies. We constructed the ethogram of sambar deer (Rusa unicolor) using the PAE (Posture, Act and Environment) code system and datasets from infrared cameras in Wolong Nature Reserve during January 2015 to June 2016. Using data from videos and pictures captured by infrared cameras, we identified and recorded 7 types of postures, 63 acts and 74 behaviors. We also compared frequency of each type of behavior across different sex, age and season; and analyzed the relationship between sambar deer behaviors and environmental characteristics. The ethogram can provide basic information for studying behavioral ecology of sambar deer. It is also important for conservation planning and management of sambar deer. The techniques and methods can be applied to behavioral studies for other animals which are difficult to observe directly in the field.

Key words: Ethogram, Infrared camera, PAE coding system, Sambar deer, Wolong Nature Reserve

摘要: 动物行为谱是动物行为学研究的基础。2015年1月至2016年6月,在四川卧龙自然保护区,利用PAE编码分类系统并结合红外相机所获得的照片和视频数据开展水鹿(Rusa unicolor)行为谱的研究,建立了野生水鹿行为谱及其PAE编码系统。本研究共分辨并记录了野生水鹿的7种姿势,63种动作和74种行为,基本涵盖了水鹿的主要行为,并区别了各种行为在成年雄性、成年雌性和亚成体之间的相对发生频次,分析水鹿的具体行为与环境之间的关联。通过建立野生水鹿的行为谱,能为更深入地开展水鹿行为生态学研究提供基础信息,也为水鹿的保护与管理提供依据。该研究可以推广到其他不易直接观测的野生动物的行为学研究中。

关键词: 水鹿, 行为谱, PAE, 编码系统, 卧龙自然保护区, 红外相机