ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 706-713.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150508

• METHOD AND TECHNOLOGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Preliminary survey on mammal and bird species diversity using infrared camera traps in the Matoushan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi Province

SHAO Ruiqing1, LI Yankuo1, ZHONG Yifeng1, WU Heping2, LUO Xiaomin2, XIONG Yu2, CAO Kaiqiang1   

  1. 1 College of Life Science, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China;
    2 Matoushan National Nature Reserve, Fuzhou 335300, China
  • Received:2020-11-26 Revised:2021-07-21 Published:2021-11-12


邵瑞清1, 李言阔1, 钟毅峰1, 吴和平2, 罗晓敏2, 熊宇2, 曹开强1   

  1. 1 江西师范大学生命科学学院, 南昌 330022;
    2 江西马头山国家级自然保护区, 抚州 335300
  • 通讯作者: 李言阔,
  • 作者简介:邵瑞清(1994-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事动物学研究.
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Although designated as a protected area, our current knowledge of the diversity of wildlife species in the Matoushan National Nature Reserve, located in the central region of the Wuyi Mountain, remains relatively limited. With a view to gaining further insights on the species inhabiting the reserve, between January 2016 and December 2018, we randomly established four line transects perpendicular to the reserve's contour lines. Each of these transects spanned the distance from the base of the mountain to its summit, traversing the major habitat types characterizing the reserve. Along each transect, we installed infrared cameras (n=50, separated by distances of up to 100 m) at sites showing clear evidence of animal activity. Over a period of 34 551 camera-days, we obtained 810 and 1 724 independent images of birds and mammals, respectively, from which 13 mammal and 30 bird species were identified. Among the state key protected wild animals, ten are classed as category II species:rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta), Chinese serow (Capricornis milneedwardsii), Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus), silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera), crested serpent-eagle (Spilornis cheela), besra sparrowhawk (Accipiter virgatus), Chinese sparrowhawk (A. soloensis), collared owlet (Glaucidium brodiei), white-necklaced partridge (Arborophila gingica), and red-headed trogon (Harpactes erythrocephalus). The white-necklaced partridge, bay woodpecker (Blythipicus pyrrhotis), and eyebrowed thrush (Turdus obscurus) were observed for the first time in the reserve. The reeves' muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi), silver pheasant, and wild boar (Sus scrofa) were identified as being the most abundant species. For more effective monitoring of wildlife within the reserve, a larger number of infrared cameras should be installed throughout the area.

Key words: Infrared camera trap, Matoushan National Nature Reserve, Species diversity

摘要: 江西马头山国家级自然保护区地处武夷山中段,为了进一步掌握该保护区野生动物资源现状,于2016年1月至2018年12月在保护区垂直等高线布设了50台红外相机,对区内兽类和鸟类物种多样性连续监测了34 551个相机工作日,共获得独立有效照片2 534张,其中兽类1 724张,鸟类810张。共鉴定出野生兽类5目10科13种,鸟类7目12科30种,其中包括10种国家II级重点保护动物:猕猴(Macaca mulatta)、中华鬣羚(Capricornis mil-needwardsii)、亚洲黑熊(Ursus thibetanus)、白鹇(Lophura nycthemera)、蛇雕(Spilornis cheela)、松雀鹰(Accipiter vir-gatus)、赤腹鹰(A.soloensis)、领鸺鹠(Glaucidium brodiei)、白眉山鹧鸪(Arborophila gingica)和红头咬鹃(Harpacteserythrocephalus)。白眉山鹧鸪、黄嘴栗啄木鸟(Blythipicus pyrrhotis)和白眉鸫(Turdus obscurus)是保护区的物种新纪录。拍摄率最高的3个物种依次是小麂(Muntiacus reevesi)、白鹇和野猪(Sus scrofa)。马头山国家级自然保护区有待增加相机数量,扩大监测范围,以更好地开展野生动物监测。

关键词: 红外相机技术, 马头山国家级自然保护区, 物种多样性

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