ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 215-223.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150653

• METHOD AND TECHNOLOGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Preliminary survey of mammals and birds diversity by using camera traps in the Guangxi Encheng National Nature Reserve

Bo XIE1, Xiuping NONG2, Guoli HUANG2, Rong HUANG2, Wei YAO1, Jianzhong LIN1(), Qihai ZHOU1()   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection, Monistry of Education, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Rare and Endangered Animal Ecology, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China
    2.Guangxi Encheng National Nature Reserve, Chongzuo 558400, China
  • Received:2021-12-29 Accepted:2022-05-26 Online:2023-03-30 Published:2023-03-23
  • Contact: Jianzhong LIN,Qihai ZHOU


谢博1, 农秀萍2, 黄国力2, 黄蓉2, 姚维1, 林建忠1(), 周岐海1()   

  1. 1.珍稀濒危动植物生态与环境保护教育部重点实验室,广西珍稀濒危动物生态学重点实验室,广西师范大学,桂林 541004
    2.广西恩城国家级自然保护区,崇左 558400
  • 通讯作者: 林建忠,周岐海
  • 作者简介:谢博 (1995- ),男,硕士研究生,主要从事保护生物学研究.
  • 基金资助:


In order to document the wildlife resources in Guangxi Encheng National Nature Reserve. We set up 58 infrared camera traps in this natural reserve to monitor mammals and forest birds from December 2019 to January 2021. The surveys produced a total of 17 332 camera-days of data, and 6 680 independent wildlife photographs were collected. We identified 20 mammal species belonging to 5 orders and 13 families, as well as 61 bird species belonging to 9 orders and 20 families. Among the detected species, one species is listed as first-class National Protected Wildlife: Fran?ois’s Langur (Trachypithecus francoisi), and 26 species (6 mammal species and 20 bird species) are listed as second-class National Protected Wildlife. There are 2 species are classified as Endangered (EN), 6 as Vulnerable (VU) and 19 as Near Threatened (NT) according to the Red List of China’s Vertebrates. Based on the relative abundance index, the mammal with the highest relative abundance index was Leopoldamys edwardsi, the bird was Lophura nycthemera. Camera traps technique is an effective method for wildlife survey. Our results provided the primary records on the species composition and relative abundance of mammals and birds in the Guangxi Encheng National Nature Reserve. These will provide the basic information for future investigation of wildlife and management in the reserve.

Key words: Camera traps, Guangxi Encheng National Nature Reserve, Species diversity, Relative abundance index


2019年12月—2021年1月,利用红外相机技术在广西恩城国家级自然保护区内布设了58个红外相机监测位点,对保护区内的兽类及地栖性鸟类多样性开展监测。本次监测共完成17 332个相机工作日,累计获得独立有效照片6 680张。共鉴定出兽类5目13科20种,鸟类9目20科61种,其中黑叶猴 (Trachypithecus francoisi) 为国家一级重点保护野生动物,26种为国家二级重点保护野生动物。被中国脊椎动物红色名录评估为濒危 (EN) 的有2种,易危 (VU) 6种,近危 (NT) 19种。物种相对多度指数 (RAI) 最高的兽类是小泡巨鼠 (Leopoldamys edwardsi),鸟类是白鹇 (Lophura nycthemera)。本次监测初步掌握了广西恩城国家级自然保护区内的兽类及地栖性鸟类的种类组成和相对多度指数,为后续开展野生动物研究与保护管理工作提供基础资料。

关键词: 红外相机技术, 广西恩城国家级自然保护区, 物种多样性, 相对多度指数

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