ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 741-748.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150631

• SCIENTIFIC NOTES • Previous Articles    

Analysis of the Père David’s deer population mortality in Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve

Yijun REN1(), Daming SUN1, Junai ZHEN2, Libo WANG1, Yumeng ZHAO3, Hua SHEN1, Bin LIU1, Yuqing CHEN2()   

  1. 1.Milu National Natural Reserve, Dafeng 224136, China
    2.School of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210024, China
    3.School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2021-11-01 Accepted:2022-05-24 Online:2022-11-30 Published:2022-12-02
  • Contact: Yuqing CHEN


任义军1(), 孙大明1, 甄军爱2, 王立波1, 赵雨梦3, 沈华1, 刘彬1, 陈玉清2()   

  1. 1.江苏省大丰麋鹿国家级自然保护区管理处,大丰 224136
    2.南京师范大学生命科学学院,南京 210024
    3.南京大学生命科学学院,南京 210046
  • 通讯作者: 陈玉清
  • 作者简介:任义军 (1972- ),男,高级兽医师,主要从事野生动物及其栖息地技术保护与研究. E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省林业科技创新与推广项目(LYKJ [2019] 49)


From 2009 to 2020, we systematically investigated the population, mortality, and death factors of Père David’s deer (Elaphurus davidianus) in the Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve, Jiangsu, China. The result showed the annual growth rate of the population was 13.09% ± 5.96%, which continuously increased in the 12 years. The annual mortality rate was 3.53% ± 2.27%, with an obvious fluctuation every 2 years. There was no significant difference in mortality of adults and sub-adults in different seasons, but significant in juveniles.Significant differences in mortality among different age groups were observed. The adults died most in summer and autumn, while the juveniles died most in winter and spring. 48.77% of subjects tend to choose the underbrush for dying. The death factors among different age groups were significantly different. The elders and the juveniles mainly died of epidemic diseases, including viral, bacterial, and parasitic. While the sub-adults died in accidents. We suggested that it is necessary to strengthen the daily monitoring and epidemic disease prevention in wildlife management. Our data provided important information for the protection of Père David’s deer in Dafeng Reserve.

Key words: Père David’s deer (Elaphurus davidianus), Wildlife, Mortality, Population management, Epidemic disease

关键词: 麋鹿, 野生动物, 死亡率, 种群管理, 疫病

CLC Number: