ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2024, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 129-134.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150855

• SCIENTIFIC NOTES • Previous Articles    

Preliminary study on the conflict behavior between sympatric Hainan gibbons and rhesus macaques in the National Park of Hainan Tropical Rainforest

CAI Chenglin1, LIU Shuai2, LI Ping3, QI Xuming4, ZHOU Zhaoli4, CHEN Yuan1,5, LONG Wenxing1,2,5   

  1. 1 School of Tropical Agriculture and Forestry, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China;
    2 School of Ecology and Environment, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China;
    3 Institute of Forest Ecology Environment and Nature Conservation, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China;
    4 Bawangling Branch of Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park Administration, Changjiang 572700, China;
    5 Collaborative Innovation Center of Ecological Civilization, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
  • Received:2023-09-27 Revised:2024-01-02 Online:2024-01-30 Published:2024-01-25


蔡成林1, 柳帅2, 李萍3, 齐旭明4, 周照骊4, 陈远1,5, 龙文兴1,2,5   

  1. 1 海南大学热带农林学院, 海口 570228;
    2 海南大学生态与环境学院, 海口 570228;
    3 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与自然保护研究所, 北京 100091;
    4 海南热带雨林国家公园管理局霸王岭分局, 昌江 572700;
    5 海南大学生态文明协同创新中心, 海口 570228
  • 通讯作者: 陈远,;龙文兴,
  • 作者简介:蔡成林(1995-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事海南长臂猿保护研究.
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Understanding the pattern and the process of interspecific competition among sympatric animals is important, as interspecific competition is a key factor limiting population increase and is of great significance for conservation management. Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is one of the most endangered primates in the world, currently distributed only in the Bawangling area of National Park of Hainan Tropical Rainforest, Hainan, China. Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) population, a common species in this area, is growing rapidly in recent years, which may lead to interspecific competition with Hainan gibbons. In this study, we used focal animal sampling and whole-event recording methods to investigate the conflict behavior between one gibbon group (Group E) and one macaque group. Based on the observation of individuals and food patches, we inferred the recorded conflict behavior between these two species was a case of interference competition. Our results provided an important case for understanding the processes and mechanisms of primate interspecific relationships. This study emphasizes that the effects of interspecific competition should be fully recognized in the conservation management of endangered species.

Key words: Nomascus hainanus, Macaca mulatta, Interspecific competition, Interference competition, Sympatry

关键词: 海南长臂猿, 猕猴, 种间竞争, 干涉型竞争, 同域分布

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