ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 357-363.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150816

• VIEWS AND COMMENTS •     Next Articles

From Egypt to Kunming-Montreal—The shift of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

PING Xiaoge1,2, ZHU Jiang1,2, WEI Fuwen1,2,3   

  1. 1 Endangered Species and Scientific Commission, PRC, Beijing 100101, China;
    2 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    3 Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
  • Received:2023-06-20 Revised:2023-06-26 Published:2023-08-01


平晓鸽1,2, 朱江1,2, 魏辅文1,2,3   

  1. 1 中华人民共和国濒危物种科学委员会, 北京 100101;
    2 中国科学院动物研究所, 北京 100101;
    3 江西农业大学, 南昌 330045
  • 通讯作者: 魏辅文,
  • 作者简介:平晓鸽(1985-),女,博士,高级工程师,主要从事履约和保护生物学研究.

Abstract: The 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) adopted the KunmingMontreal Global Biodiversity Framework (hereinafter referred to as the Kunmeng Framework). This global biodiversity framework has gone through rounds of negotiation and consultation and the release of the zero draft, the first draft and the Kunmeng Framework. Some contents have been continuously adjusted, showing the compromises of parties on certain issues. This paper reviews in detail the indicators involved in the 2050 long-term goals and 2030 action targets in the zero draft, first draft, and the Kunmeng Framework, and proposes the following topics to be paid attention to: living in harmony with nature, genetic diversity conservation, protected area target, transformation and urgent actions, and the implementation of the framework. Future work should focus on urgent actions to translate global goals into national actions, providing financial support, and ensuring the effective implementation of the monitoring systems.

Key words: Global Biodiversity Framework, 2030 action targets, 2050 long-term goals, Indicator

摘要: 《生物多样性公约》第十五次缔约方大会(COP15)通过了“昆明-蒙特利尔全球生物多样性框架”(以下简称:昆蒙框架)。这一全球生物多样性框架先后经历了预稿、初稿和昆蒙框架,经过了多轮谈判和磋商,部分内容不断调整,显示出了各方在部分议题上的分歧和妥协。本文详细梳理了预稿、初稿和昆蒙框架中2050年长期目标和2030年行动目标中涉及的指标,及指标期望达到的目标,提出讨论和关注的重点有:人与自然和谐相处、遗传多样性保护、保护地目标、转型和紧急行动,以及框架的落实。未来工作的重点则是如何采取紧急行动,将全球目标转换为国家行动,提供资金支持,以及确保监测体系有效实施等。

关键词: 全球生物多样性框架, 2030年行动目标, 2050年长期目标, 指标

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