ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 604-613.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150501

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Research advances and prepectives on habitat assessment and protection of endangered mammals of China

JIANG Guangshun, LI Jingzhi   

  1. Feline Research Center of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
  • Received:2020-11-30 Revised:2021-04-26 Online:2021-09-30 Published:2021-09-14


姜广顺, 李京芝   

  1. 国家林业和草原局猫科动物研究中心, 东北林业大学野生动物与自然保护地学院, 哈尔滨 150040
  • 通讯作者: 姜广顺,
  • 作者简介:姜广顺(1971-),男,教授,主要从事野生动物保护生态学研究.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(NSFC 31872241);中央高校基本科研专项资金平台项目(2572017PZ14)

Abstract: At present, global, species are facing increasing extinction risk at an unprecedented rate. The effective assessment and scientific protection of wildlife habitat are important prerequisites and means to prevent endangered wildlife from extinction and maintain their sustainable survivals and development. This article summarizes the current status and achievements of research progress on habitat assessment and protection from five categories of endangered wildlife in China:carnivores, ungulates, primates, small mammals, and marine mammals. This article summarizes and analyzes related acade-mic achievements in order to reveal systematic and valuable methods and technical means for the scientific protection and management of habitats. This article also offers prospects for the theoretical and technical challenges of habitat assessment and protection research. It proposes that the habitat assessment and protection research of endangered mammals in China should move towards a ‘precise’ development direction of integration, quantification, intelligence, and multi-disciplinary cross-integration applications, to provide technical support for the effective implementation of national ecological construction projects.

Key words: Endangered mammals, Habitat assessment, Habitat protection

摘要: 目前全球物种正以前所未有的速度灭绝,对野生动物栖息地开展有效的评估与科学的保护是阻止濒危物种走向灭绝,保持其可持续生存与发展的重要前提和手段。本文针对我国的食肉类、有蹄类、灵长类、小型兽类、海洋兽类5个类别的濒危兽类,综述了其栖息地评估与保护研究进展的现状和成果,对相关学术成果进行了归纳与分析,以期为栖息地的科学保护与管理梳理出系统、可供借鉴的研究方法和技术手段,并对其理论和技术的挑战进行了展望,提出了我国濒危兽类栖息地评估和保护研究应走向整体化、定量化、智能化,以及多学科交叉融合应用的“精准化”发展方向,为国家生态建设工程的有效实施提供重要技术支撑。

关键词: 濒危兽类, 栖息地评估, 栖息地保护

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