兽类学报

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南哀牢山国家级自然保护区野生鸟兽的红外相机初步监测

和雪莲 罗康 鲁志云 肖治术 林露湘   

  1. 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园热带森林生态学重点实验室
  • 出版日期:2018-05-30 发布日期:2018-05-08
  • 通讯作者: 和雪莲 E-mail: hexuelian@xtbg.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31500344)

Preliminary camera-trapping survey on wild mammals and birds in Ailaoshan National Nature Reserve, Yunnan Province, China#br#

HE Xuelian, LUO Kang, LU Zhiyun, XIAO Zhishu, LIN Luxiang   

  1. CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:2018-05-30 Published:2018-05-08

摘要:

红外相机技术目前已成为调查监测大中型兽类和地面活动鸟类的一种常规手段,在自然保护区物种资源编目中具有重要的应用价值。在2014年10月至12月期间,我们采用红外相机技术在云南哀牢山国家级自然保护区北部布设了40个相机位点,布设密度为1台/2 hm2,对中山湿性常绿阔叶林野生鸟兽进行了一次初步调查。相机累计工作1961个有效工作日,共获得野生动物独立有效照片566张,鉴定出隶属4目9科的10种兽类和2目4科的10种鸟类。相对丰富度指数较高的前2种兽类和3种鸟类分别为红颊长吻松鼠(Dremomys rufigenis)、野猪(Sus scrofa)和白鹇(Lophura nycthemera)、长尾地鸫(Zoothera dixoni)及斑背燕尾(Enicurus maculatus)。属于国家II级重点保护野生动物的有4种,被IUCN红色名录评估为“易危 VU”级别的物种有2种,列入CITES附录II和III的物种分别有2种和3种。本次调查仍有多种重要大中型兽类和鸟类未被记录,但是为保护区后续的野生动物红外相机常规监测和保护管理提供了基础信息。

关键词: 红外相机, 生物多样性, 野生鸟兽, 哀牢山国家级自然保护区

Abstract:

Camera-trapping has been considered as an important method for monitoring large and medium-size mammals and terrestrial birds, and with high applied value to biological inventory for protected areas. From October to December 2014, we set up 40 infrared camera monitoring sites (1 camera for each two ha.) in the northern part of Ailaoshan National Nature Reserve, Yunnan Province, to monitor wild mammals and birds in mid-mountain humid evergreen broad-leaved forest. During the total 1961 camera days, we identified 10 mammals species and 10 bird species from 566 independent images. According to the relative abundance index (RAI), Asian red-cheeked squirrel (Dremomys rufigenis) and wild boar (Sus scrofa) were ranked as two most abundant mammals, while silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera)、long-tailed thrush (Zoothera dixoni) and spotted forktail (Enicurus maculatus) were ranked as the three most abundant bird species. Among the twenty wild mammal and bird species, four species were categorized as class II state key protected wild animals, two species were listed by the IUCN global red list as Vulnerable, two and three species were classified as Appendix II and III by CITES, respectively. Although several key territorial mammal and bird species were not recorded, this preliminary research still provides basic information of biodiversity for establishing camera-trapping routine
survey and conservation management of the natural reserve.

Key words:
Ailaoshan National Nature Reserve,
Biodiversity, Camera-trapping, Wild mammal and bird