ACTA Theriologica Sinica

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Isolation and purification of IgG subclasses in Bactrian camel serum and preparation of polyclonal antibodies against IgG subclasses

LI Donghai,ZHANG Wangdong, CHENG Cuicui,JIA Shuai,LI Jianfei,LING Xiaodong,HE Wanhong,GAO Xin ,LIU Lei,WANG Wenhui   

  1. College of Veterinary Medicine,Gansu Agricultural University
  • Online:2018-09-30 Published:2018-08-31

双峰驼血清IgG亚型的分离纯化及多克隆抗体的制备

李东海 张旺东 程翠翠 贾帅 李建飞 令小东 何晚红 高欣 刘磊 王雯慧   

  1. 甘肃农业大学动物医学院
  • 通讯作者: 王雯慧 E-mail:wwh777@126.com

Abstract: IgG subclasses of Bactrian camel is consist of IgG1, IgG2 and IgG3. Both IgG2 and IgG3 are the heavy chain antibodies (HCAbs), with structures that are obviously different from IgG1’s. To obtain IgG1, IgG2 and IgG3 and analyze their antigen specificities, IgG subclasses were isolated and purified from the Bactrian camel serum using Protein A and Protein G affinity chromatography columns, and were identified by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Then polyclonal antibodies to them were prepared respectively and their titers were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Finally, their specificities were evaluated by Western blot, and the antigen-specificity of IgG subclasses of Bactrian camel were further analyzed. The results showed that the IgG1, IgG2 and IgG3 of Bactrian Camel are obtained successfully by the Protein A and Protein G affinity chromatography columns, the titers of the polyclonal antibodies of anti-IgG1, IgG2, and IgG3 were all over 1:10000, and every polyclonal antibody had obvious cross-reactivity with IgG1, IgG2 and IgG3, but the polyclonal antibody specificity of anti-IgG1 was lower than those of anti-IgG2 and anti-IgG3. The results suggested that the immunogenicity of IgG1, IgG2 and IgG3 of Bactrian camel were all good and their specificities were all similar although their structures were obviously different.

Key words: IgG subclasses, Bactrian camel, Isolation and purification, Polyclonal antibody

摘要: 双峰驼IgG亚型包含IgG1、IgG2和IgG3,其中IgG2和IgG3为重链抗体,在结构上与IgG1存在显著差异。为获取双峰驼血清中的IgG1、IgG2和IgG3,并分析其抗原特异性和抗体特异性,本文交替使用Protein A和Protein G亲和层析柱,对其分离纯化,并通过聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳进行鉴定;之后分别制备兔抗双峰驼IgG1、IgG2和IgG3的多克隆抗体,通过ELISA对制备的多克隆抗体的效价进行测定;最后应用Western blot评估这三个亚型多克隆抗体的特异性,进而对双峰驼血清中IgG1、IgG2和IgG3的抗原特异性进行分析。结果表明,应用Protein A和Protein G亲和层析柱成功分离纯化出双峰驼血清中的IgG1、IgG2和IgG3;并制备兔抗双峰驼IgG1、IgG2和IgG3的多克隆抗体效价均在1∶10000以上,并且所获得的多克隆抗体分别与IgG1、IgG2和IgG3之间均存在交叉反应,但兔抗双峰驼IgG1多克隆抗体较其它两个亚型多克隆抗体特异性低。结果证明,双峰驼IgG1、IgG2和IgG3均具有良好的免疫原性,三者结构虽存在显著差异,但其抗原特性类似。

关键词: 双峰驼, IgG亚型, 分离纯化, 多克隆抗体