兽类学报

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利用红外相机技术对河北太行山东坡南段的鸟兽调查

陈向阳 范俊功 王鹏华 王义弘 侯建华   

  1. (河北大学生命科学学院,保定 071002)
  • 出版日期:2019-09-30 发布日期:2019-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 侯建华 E-mail:13633325718@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家林业局全国第二次陆生野生动物资源调查项目(2017-2018);河北大学自然科学研究计划项目(2014-299)

Camera-trapping survey of mammals and birds in southern section of eastern slope in Taihang Mountains, Hebei Province

CHEN Xiangyang,FAN Jungong,WANG Penghua,WANG Yihong, HOU Jianhua   

  1. (College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China)
  • Online:2019-09-30 Published:2019-11-27

摘要:

利用红外相机技术于2017年冬季对河北太行山东坡南段的野生动物进行了调查。通过系统抽样,野外选取4个样区共安置红外相机78台,实际工作4753个相机日,获有效照片1903张。结果表明:共鉴定出兽类4目7科7种,鸟类9目14科27种,其中国家Ⅱ级重点保护鸟类有勺鸡(Pucrasia macrolopha)、雀鹰(Accipiter nisus)、灰林鸮(Strix aluco)和燕隼(Falco subbuteo)。物种相对丰度指数较高的兽类和鸟类分别为岩松鼠(Sciurotamias davidianus)(10.10)和红嘴蓝鹊(Urocissa erythroryncha)(5.49)。对拍摄率较高的前6种兽类的日活动节律进行了分析,发现野猪(Sus scrofa)和蒙古兔(Lepus tolai)主要集中在晨昏和夜间活动,西伯利亚狍(Capreolus pygargus)和岩松鼠多在昼间活动,赤狐(Vulpes vulpes)和黄鼬(Mustela sibirica)则为全天性活动。土门—黄北坪乡样区和鹿头乡样区具有较高的物种数(24种和23种)和Shannon-Weiner指数(2.35和2.06)。该地区农业开发程度高、森林景观破碎化程度大、人类活动干扰重,应加强野生动物栖息地的保护与恢复。

关键词: 红外相机, 兽类, 鸟类, 相对丰度指数, 活动节律, 太行山

Abstract:

Mammals and birds in southern section of eastern slope in Taihang Mountains, Hebei, were surveyed using the camera-trapping method during the winter 2017. A total of 78 trapping cameras were installed in the four systematic field sampling sites, with 4,753 camera-days and 1,903 effective photos being obtained. Seven mammal species belonging to 4 orders and 7 families and 27 bird species belonging to 9 orders and 14 families were identified, among which 4 species are State Key Protected Animals in Class-II, namely Koklass Pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha), Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), Himalayan Owl (Strix aluco) and Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo). Based on the relative abundance index (RAI), Rock Squirrels (Sciurotamias davidianus) (10.10) and Red-billed Magpies (Urocissa erythroryncha) (5.49) were ranked as the top two most abundant species. Daily activity rhythm of the six common mammal species was recorded, with Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) and Cape Hare (Lepus tolai) being mainly active in the early morning and evening, Roe Deer (Capreolus pygargus) and Rock Squirrel being nocturnal animals, and Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) and Siberian Weasel (Mustela sibirica) being active throughout the day. Tumen-
Huangbeiping and Lutou had more species (24 and 23 species, respectively) and higher Shannon-Weiner index (2.35 and 2.06, respectively) than the other sites. The region has a high degree of agricultural development, a large degree of fragmentation of forest landscapes, and is heavily disturbed by human activities. The protection and restoration of wildlife habitats should be strengthened.

Key words: Camera-trapping, Mammals, Birds, Relative abundance index, Activity rhythms, Taihang Mountains