兽类学报

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梵净山保护区同域分布黔金丝猴与藏酋猴的空间分布初探

王丞1  粟海军 胡灿实1  石磊 张明明1   

  1. (1贵州大学林学院,贵州大学生物多样性与自然保护研究中心,贵阳 550025)
    (2贵州梵净山国家级自然保护区管理局,江口 554400)
     
  • 出版日期:2020-04-01 发布日期:2020-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 张明明 E-mail: zmm.2005@163.com

Spatial distribution of sympatric Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China

WANG Cheng 1, SU Haijun1, HU Canshi 1, SHILei2, ZHANG Mingming1   

  1. (1 College of Forestry, Guizhou University, Research Center for Biodiversity and Nature Conservation of Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China)
    (2 Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve Administration, Jiangkou 554400, China)

    张明明 E-mail: zmm.2005@163.com
  • Online:2020-04-01 Published:2020-04-09

关键词: 黔金丝猴, 藏酋猴, 梵净山保护区, 物种共存, 红外相机

Abstract:

In Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China, the spatial distributions of Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana are overlapped. In order to understand their competive coexistence relationship, camera traps were set up, from April 2017 to January 2019, to monitor the Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana in the area. The difference of habitat selection between Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana in different seasons was analyzed by using Occupancy model. The results show that Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana mainly distribute in the evergreen and broad-leaved, deciduous forests in the mid-alpine region, with occurrence rate of 0.85 and 0.65, respectively. Though Rhinopithecus brelichi mainly appear above 1500 m altitude. The simulation by utilizing Occupancy model suggest that during the summer, Rhinopithecus brelichi prefer evergreen and broad-leaved, deciduous forest in the mid-alpine region with lower human disturbance; and the Macaca thibetana prefer to live in other forest types. Both species show spatial avoidance (SIF = 0.87). During the winter, Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana prefer to live at lower altitude, with a spatial overlap of SIF = 1.09. In conclusion, the available habitats of Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana keep change with season, which urge them to develop a spatial coexistence strategy. Meanwhile, this study provides management department with scientific data for effective protection of Rhinopithecus brelichi and Macaca thibetana.

Key words: Rhinopithecus brelichi, Macaca thibetana, Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, Coexistence, Camera trapping