ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 627-643.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150838

• INVITED REVIEWS •    

Advances in reproductive isolation mechanisms during animal speciation

ZHANG Yuxing, WU Hong, YU Li   

  1. State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resource in Yunnan, School of Life Sciences of Yunnan University, Kunming 650500, China
  • Received:2023-08-09 Revised:2023-09-23 Published:2023-11-22

动物物种形成的生殖隔离机制研究进展

章誉兴, 吴宏, 于黎   

  1. 云南大学省部共建云南生物资源保护与利用国家重点实验室, 生命科学学院, 昆明 650500
  • 通讯作者: 吴宏, E-mail:yuli@ynu.edu.cn;于黎, E-mail:wuhong2023@ynu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:章誉兴(1997-),女,博士研究生,主要从事遗传学研究.
  • 基金资助:
    国家杰出青年科学基金(31925006);云南省教育厅科学研究基金(2023Y0225)

Abstract: The process of speciation and its mechanism is not only the‘mystery of mysteries’of Darwin, but also a key to understanding the biological diversity in nature, and it is also one of the scientific focuses in the field of evolutionary biology. Speciation refers to the evolutionary process in which a new species diverges from its ancestors, and it is also the process of reproductive isolation or barrier establishment among populations. The exploration and revelation of this process and its inherent genetic mechanism are the key to understanding the phenomenon of biodiversity. By focusing on animal groups, this review systematically describes the ways of reproductive isolation establishment and their molecular mechanisms, then discusses the bottlenecks, challenges and potential opportunities faced by current research on animal reproductive isolations, with a view to providing reference and inspiration for subsequent research on animal speciation.

Key words: Animal, Speciation, Natural selection, Reproductive isolation, Genetic mechanism

摘要: 物种形成过程及其机制不仅是理解自然界生物多样性现象的关键,也是长期困扰达尔文的“谜中之谜”,是进化生物学研究领域的核心命题之一。物种形成是指新物种从祖先物种中分化出来的演化过程,也是种群间生殖隔离效应或屏障建立的演化过程,对这一过程及其内在遗传机制的探究和揭示是我们理解生物多样性现象的关键所在。本文聚焦于动物类群,系统阐述了动物物种生殖隔离的产生方式及其分子机制,并探讨了目前动物物种生殖隔离相关研究所面临的瓶颈、挑战和潜在机遇,为后续动物物种形成相关研究提供参考和启发。

关键词: 动物, 物种形成, 自然选择, 生殖隔离, 遗传机制

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