Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research advances and perspectives on the ecology of wild giant pandas

WEI Fuwen,ZHANG Zejun,HU Jinchu   

  1. Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Online:2011-12-06 Published:2011-03-02


魏辅文, 张泽钧, 胡锦矗   

  1. 中国科学院动物研究所,北京 100101


Among the order Carnivora, the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is one of the most attractive animals, possessing high value for scientific research and being a symbol of worldwide nature conservation. In early 1980s, the Chinese government, cooperating with the WWF in initiated a research project on wild giant pandas in Wolong Nature Reserve. Since then, extensive research activities have been conducted in different mountain ranges inhabited by the animal. The application of new techniques such as 3S (GIS, RS, GPS)and molecular markers in the ecological study of the giant panda has greatly improved our understanding of its ecology. To date,a huge body of knowledge and information has been accumulated, potentially helpful for developing adaptive conservation strategies. In this paper, we summarize research findings and progress in understanding the ecology of wild giant pandas during the past 30 years on various aspects, including habitat ecology, feeding ecology, reproductive ecology, behavioral ecology, molecular ecology, population ecology and community ecology. Meanwhile, given the demands of research and management, future research directions are suggested.

Key words: Conservation, Ecology, Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), Research

摘要: 在现代食肉目动物中,大熊猫无疑是最为引人注目的物种之一,既在科学上具有重要的研究价值,同时亦是世界自然保护的象征。自20 世纪80 年代初期我国政府与世界自然基金会合作开展野生大熊猫生态学研究
以来,迄今已积累了大量有关该物种及其栖息地的生态学知识,近年来3S 技术及分子生物学技术的推广应用将野生大熊猫生态学研究提升到了一个崭新的高度。本文在综合大量历史文献的基础上,从栖息地生态学、觅食

关键词: 大熊猫, 生态学, 研究, 保护