ACTA THERIOLOGICA SINICA ›› 2024, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 252-258.DOI: 10.16829/j.slxb.150826

• SCIENTIFIC NOTES • Previous Articles    

Spatiotemporal variation of composition and diversity of small mammals in Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport

YUAN Daohuan1, CHENG Shoujie2, YUAN Qianmin1, JI Yu1, QIN Jiao1, LIANG Yitian1,3, LIU Quansheng1   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Protection and Resource Utilization, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wildlife Conservation and Utilization, Guangzhou 510260, China;
    2 Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport, Shenzhen 518128, China;
    3 College of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2023-07-07 Revised:2023-10-18 Online:2024-03-30 Published:2024-04-03


袁道欢1, 程寿杰2, 袁倩敏1, 纪羽1, 秦姣1, 梁易天1,3, 刘全生1   

  1. 1 广东省科学院动物研究所, 广东省动物保护与资源利用重点实验室, 广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室, 广州 510260;
    2 深圳宝安国际机场, 深圳 518128;
    3 华南师范大学生命科学学院, 广州 510631
  • 通讯作者: 刘全生,
  • 作者简介:袁道欢(1995-),男,硕士,主要从事动物生理生态研究;程寿杰(1986-),男,硕士,主要从事动物生态研究.
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Bird strikes are a serious threat to the safe operation of the global aviation industry, and many birds feed on small mammals. Therefore, understanding the species composition, density, distribution and population dynamics of small mammals inside and outside of airports is of great significance for airport bird control and flight safety. To understand the characteristics and spatiotemporal variation of the species, quantity, and diversity of small mammals in the runway area and peripheral areas of Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport, four small mammal surveys were carried out in Shenzhen Airport from November 2021 to July 2022. A total of 152 small mammals from 6 species, 4 genera, 2 families, and 2 orders were captured by 1 343 effective clips. Rattus losea (37. 50%) and Mus caroli (36. 84%) were the dominant species. The capture rate of the four surveys was 11. 66% ± 2. 42%, and the seasonal variation of the capture rate was not significant. The total capture rate and rodent capture rate in the airport were significantly lower than those outside the airport. Species richness index and Shannon-Wiener index were the highest in November, while Pielou index was the lowest. Species richness index and Shannon-Wiener index inside the airport were slightly lower than outside the airport, while Pielou index was higher than outside the airport. The results indicate that small mammals should be controlled both inside and outside the airport to reduce the attraction of birds such as birds of prey, thereby reducing the risk of bird strikes at the airport.

Key words: Small mammals, Diversity, Spatiotemporal variation, Shenzhen Airport, Bird strikes

关键词: 小型兽类, 多样性, 时空变化, 深圳机场, 鸟击

CLC Number: